RECORD: Walker, Francis. 1862. Catalogue of the heterocerous lepidopterous insects collected at Sarawak, in Borneo, by Mr.A.R.Wallace, with descriptions of new species. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology), 6 (22): 82-96, 97-145.

REVISION HISTORY: Transcribed (single key) by AEL Data 2012. RN1


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Catalogue of the Heterocerous Lepidopterous Insects collected at Sarawak, in Borneo, by Mr. A. R. WALLACE, with Descriptions of New Species. By FRANCIS WALKER, Esq., F.L.S.

[Read April 4, 1861.]

Fam. ÆGERIIDÆ, Steph.

Gen. ÆGERIA, Fabr.

1. ÆGERIA CHALYBEA, n. s. Mas. Chalybeo-cyanea, pectore et segmentorum abdominalium marginibus posticis argenteis, pedibus pallide aurato tomentosis, alis limpidis, costa venis fimbriaque purpureis.

Male. Chalybeous blue. Pectus and sides of the thorax silvery. Abdominal segments with silvery hind borders. Legs with pale gilded tomentum. Wings limpid; costa, fringe, and veins cupreous purple. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

The specimen of this species is injured, and therefore it is not fully described.

Gen. SANNINA, Walk.

2. SANNINA PULCHRIPENNIS, n. s. Mas. Cyanea, robusta, viridi purpureoque varia, oculis argenteo marginatis, thoracis humeris albo squamosis, calcaribus albis, alis anticis cyaneis, posticis lurido-hyalinis cyaneo marginatis.

Male. Metallic blue, stout, varied with green and purple. Head silvery white about the eyes. Palpi almost vertical, not rising higher than the head. Thorax with smooth closely-applied scales; a tuft of white scales on each in front. Abdomen nearly linear; apical tuft rather long. Legs stout, squamous; spurs white. Fore wings bright metallic blue, tinged with purple; costa slightly dilated towards the tip; fringe cupreous purple like that of the hind wings. Hind wings vitreous, with a lurid tinge, bordered with metallic blue; costa irregularly and veins purplish blue. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 15 lines.

3. SANNINA RUFIFINIS, n. s. Mas. Cupreo-purpurea, capite argenteo, humeris albo squamosis, abdomine lateribus basi albo fasciculatis, dimidio apicali rufo, tibiis posticis nigro subfimbriatis, calcaribus albis, alis anticis viridibus apices versus purpureis, posticis luridovitreis.

Male. Cupreous purple, in structure like the preceding species. Head silvery white in front and about the eyes. Thorax with a tuft of white scales on each side in front. Abdomen with a tuft of white hairs on each side at the base; apical half and apical tuft bright red. Legs stout, squamous; tibiæ slightly fringed with black hairs; spurs white. Fore wings metallic green, purple towards the tips; costa

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slightly dilated towards the tip. Hind wings vitreous, with a lurid tinge; costa irregularly, veins and fringe purple. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 15 lines.

Gen. MELITTIA, Hübn.

4. MELITTIA FASCIATA, n. s. Fœm. Metallico-nigra, crassa, capite subtus fasciculato, abdomine fascia lata rufa, tibiis posticis nigro late fasciculatis basi albido pilosis, alis anticis nigris apices versus pallidis subaurato tomentosis, posticis limpidis, costa venaque 1a inferiore nigro marginatis.

Female. Metallic black, very robust. Head with a thick tuft at the base of the palpi. Palpi hardly ascending higher than the vertex; 3rd joint lanceolate, about one-third of the length of the second. Antennæ hardly thicker exteriorly. Abdomen with a broad red band, which is mostly before the middle. Legs stout; hind tibiæ with whitish hairs at the base; the rest broadly fringed with black hairs. Fore wings black, narrow, slightly broader towards the tips; apical part pale, with slightly gilded tomentum. Hind wings limpid, blackish along the costa and along the 1st inferior vein. Length of the body 12 lines; of the wings 24 lines.

Gen. BONIA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus gracile. Palpi graciles, arcuati, lanceolati, ascendentes, caput superantes; articulus 3us 2° non longior. Antennæ dense fimbriatæ. Pedes graciles, fimbriati; femora tibiæque apice late fimbriata. Alæ opacæ, perangustæ.

Male. Body slender. Palpi slender, curved, lanceolate, rising high above the head; 3rd joint very acute, as long as the second, and much more slender. Antennæ broadly and thickly fringed, more than half the length of the body. Legs slender; femora, tibiæ, and tarsi fringed; femora and tibiæ broadly fringed towards the tips; hind tibiæ with four long spurs. Wings opaque and very narrow in the typical species.

This genus seems to connect the Ægeridæ with the Tineina.

5. BONIA UNICOLOR, n. s. Mas. Cupreo-purpurea, antennis pedibusque nigro fimbriatis, alis peracutis.

Male. Cupreous purple. Antennæ and legs fringed with black hairs. Wings very acute; fringe long. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

Gen. TYRICTACA, n. g.

Fœm. Corpus squamosum, sat validum. Palpi graciles, ascendentes, lanceolati, subarcuati, caput non superantes; articulus 2us 3° valde brevior. Antennæ læves. Abdomen longi-conicum. Pedes brevius-

6*

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culi, appressi, subdilatati, tibiis posticis densissime fasciculatis. Alæ angustæ, non acutæ.

Female. Body squamous, rather stout, and convex. Palpi slender, lanceolate, slightly curved, not rising so high as the vertex; 3rd joint much longer than the second. Antennæ simple, smooth. Abdomen elongate-conical, less than twice the length of the thorax. Legs rather short, slightly dilated, laterally flattened; hind tibiæ most densely tufted, with four long spurs. Wings narrow, nearly hyaline, not acute at the tips.

6. TYRICTACA APICALIS, n. s. Fœm. Nigricanti-cyanea, pedibus purpureis, alis iridescentibus subhyalinis aurato subsquamosis, anticis litura magna costali subtrigona.

Female. Blackish metallic blue. Legs mostly purple. Wings iridescent, nearly hyaline, slightly covered with gilded scales. Fore wings with a large black subtriangular costal mark beyond the middle. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 9 lines.

Fam. SPHINGIDÆ, Leach.

Gen. CHœROCAMPA, Duponch.

7. Chœrocampa Thyelia, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. 2. 803 (Sphinx).

Inhabits also West Africa, South Africa, Hindostan, Ceylon, China, and Java.

8. Chœrocampa Lucasii, Boisd. MSS. Walk. Cat. Lep. viii. 141.

Inhabits also Hindostan.

9. Chœrocampa Oldenlandiæ, Fabr. Ent. Syst. iii. 1. 370.44 (Sphinx).

Inhabits also Hindostan, Java, and Australia.

10. Chœrocampa Silhetensis, Boisd. MSS. Walk. Cat. Lep. viii. 143.

Inhabits also Hindostan, Ceylon, North China, and Java.

11. Chœrocampa suffusa, Walk. Cat. Lep. viii. 146.

Inhabits also China.

Gen. PERGESA, Walk.

12. Pergesa Castor, Boisd. MSS. (Deilephila). Walk. Cat. Lep. viii. 153.

Inhabits also Hindostan and Java.

Gen. PANACRA, Walk.

13. Panacra scapularis, Boisd. MSS. (Sphinx). Walk. Cat. Lep. viii. 157.

Inhabits also Hindostan and Java.

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Gen. ACHERONTIA, Ochs.

14. Acherontia Satanas, Boisd. Hist. Nat. Lep. pl. 16. f. 1.

Inhabits also Hindostan, Ceylon, China, and Java.

Gen. DAPHNUSA, Walk.

15. Daphnusa ocellaris, Walk. Cat. Lep. viii. 238.

16. DAPHNUSA ORBIFERA, n. s. Mas. Rufescenti-cinerea, alis schistaceo suffusis linea exteriore cinerea angulosa non obliqua, anticis subfalcatis plaga postica exteriore testacea lineolaque adhuc exteriore transversa testacea, posticis lanuginosis macula postica picea angulata cano-marginata.

Male. Reddish cinereous. Abdomen and under side paler. Antennæ testaceous, slightly serrated. Wings with a slate-coloured bloom, which is obliquely interrupted near the base, and in the fore wings is divided from the apical part by a cinereous upright zigzag line. Fore wings subfalcate; interior borders lightly excavated, with a tuft of short upright fawn-coloured hairs near the base, and with a large nearly round testaceous spot near the tip; this spot is connected with a marginal streak of the same hue, and between the latter and the interior angle there is a little transverse testaceous line; under side with a piceous exterior line of lunules, and with piceous tips. Hind wings partly lanuginous, more reddish than the fore wings, with a piceous angular hoary-bordered spot on the somewhat truncated interior angle; interior border mostly cinereous; under side with three blackish lines. Length of the body 18 lines; of the wings 48 lines.

Fam. AGARISTIDÆ, Swainson.

Gen. EUSEMIA, Dalman.

17. EUSEMIA BIJUGATA, n. s. Mas. Atra, fronte albo biguttata, oculis albo cinctis, thorace maculis quatuor anticis pallide flavis, abdomine fasciis sex luteis subtus luteo fascia subapicali nigra, alis anticis fasciis duabus luteis abbreviatis subexcavatis, posticis ochraceo-rufis basi fascia interrupta fasciaque marginali nigris.

Male. Deep black. Head white about the eyes beneath, and with a white dot on each side of the front. Palpi with two white bands. Thorax with four pale-yellow spots in front. Abdomen with six luteous bands; under side luteous, with a black band near the tip. Legs piceous. Fore wings with two abbreviated slightly excavated luteous bands, the interior one much shorter than the exterior one; these bands are pale yellow on the under side, where there are four little white longitudinal streaks nearer the tip. Hind wings orange-red, black at the base, and with a black interrupted excavated band, which is connected by a short line with the black excavated marginal

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band; this on the under side contains a row of white points, of which the largest is also apparent on the upper side. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 24 lines.

This species comes between E. maculatrix and E. amatrix.

18. EUSEMIA HESPERIOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Atra, subtus ochracea, oculis albo cinctis, abdomine ochraceo-rufo basi apiceque atro, fasciculo apicali ochraceo, alis albo fimbriatis, anticis fascia recta subobliqua flavo-alba strigulisque duabus cyaneis, posticis fascia lata interiore ochraceo-rufa.

Female. Deep black, ochraceous beneath. Head white about the eyes. Abdomen orange-red, deep black at the base and towards the tip, which has an ochraceous tuft. Wings with a white fringe, except towards the interior angle. Fore wings with some blue scales near the base, and with a little blue streak on each side of the straight slightly oblique yellowish-white band, which is abbreviated near the interior angle. Hind wings with a broad interior orange-red band, which widens towards the interior border. Length of the body 10 lines; of the wings 28 lines.

Very nearly allied to E. proxima, but distinct; the fore wings have no exterior mark, and the hind wings have a broader black border.

19. EUSEMIA MOLLIS, Walk. Cat. Lep. vii. 1774. Var. Mas. Nigra, vertice albo guttato, oculis albo cinctis, thorace vittis duabus albis, segmentorum abdominalium marginibus posticis basi albis apice ochraceis, ventre luteo basi apiceque nigro, alis glauco squamosis maculis duabus spatioque marginali inciso nigris maculis submarginalibus elongatis glauco-albidis, anticis macula interiore nigra squamis nonnullis argenteis.

Var. Male. Black Head white about the eyes, and with a white dot on the vertex. Thorax with two white stripes. Abdominal segments with white hind borders towards the base, and with ochraceous hind borders towards the tip; underside except towards the base and tip ochraceous. Wings thickly covered with glaucous scales, with the exception of an incomplete band (which is composed of two large spots in each wing) and of the marginal space, into which the glaucous part emits broad streaks; this space contains glaucous whitish elongated spots, which are most numerous and regular in the hind wings; fringe tipped with white. Fore wings mostly black towards the base and along the costa; some silvery scales in the fore spot of the band and in another spot which is nearer the base.

Inhabits also Hindostan and Malacca.

Gen. ÆGOCERA, Latr.

20. ÆGOCERA POSTICA, n. s. Mas. Rufescenti-nigra, capite vitta sulphurea, thorace vitta alba, abdomine luteo vitta basali maculaque apicali nigris, alis anticis lineis transversis deviis interruptis cyaneis

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maculisque tribus punctoque sulphureis, posticis basi luteis macula exteriore sulphurea.

Male. Reddish black. Head with a broad sulphur stripe which extends over the fore part of the palpi. Thorax with a white stripe. Abdomen and legs luteous, the former with a black stripe towards the base and a black apical spot. Fore wings with irregular and interrupted metallic blue transverse lines and with three sulphur spots; middle spot second in size, and having in front of it a sulphur point. Hind wings bright luteous for somewhat less than half the surface from the base, and with a large exterior sulphur spot. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

Gen. PHÆGORISTA, Boisd.

21. PHÆGORISTA CATACOLOIDES, n. s. Mas. Rufescenti-fusca, subtus lutea, abdomine luteo apice fusco, alis anticis purpurascente suffusis albo conspersis fascia exteriore lata venis annulisque duobus albis necnon maculis subtus duabus subquadratis albis lineaque submarginali interrupta nivea, posticis luteis gutta discali margineque fuscis.

Male. Reddish brown, luteous beneath. Head in front and palpi blackish; 3rd joint of the palpi less than half the length of the 2nd. Abdomen luteous, brown at the tip. Fore wings more reddish than the thorax, partly tinged with purplish, irregularly white-speckled, with a broad exterior speckled white band which emits two oblique white streaks to the interior border, and is accompanied along its exterior side by two slightly undulating white lines; the dark line which divides the inner white line from the band is bent hindward across the band; veins white; two white discal ringlets, the outer side of the exterior one formed by the band; an irregular and much-interrupted submarginal white line, which has not the yellowish tinge of the band and of the speckles; underside with two subquadrate discal white spots, separated by a space which corresponds with the interior ringlet above. Hind wings bright luteous, with a brown discal dot, and with a cupreous brown border which is broadest in front. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 20 lines.

Fam. ZYGÆNIDÆ, Leach.

Gen. SYNTOMIS, Ochs.

22. Syntomis Schœnherri, Boisd. Mon. Zyg. 112, pl.7. fig. 1.

Inhabits also Hindostan and Ceylon.

23. SYNTOMIS TETRAGONARIA, n. s. Mas et Fœm. Purpurascentinigra, capite antico luteo, thorace fasciis tribus strigisque duabus luteis, abdomine fasciis quatuor luteis, alis anticis maculis quinque luteis quadratis plus minusve elongatis, posticis macula lutea magna basali elongata postice incisa.

Male. Purplish black. Head luteous in front. Thorax with three luteous

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bands and with two luteous humeral stripes. Abdomen with four luteous bands; 1st band basal; 4th broader than the 2nd and the 3rd. Fore wings with five quadrate more or less elongated luteous spots; 1st spot near the base; 2nd larger and a little nearer the base than the 3rd, which is in front; 4th behind the 5th, which is smaller. Hind wings with a large elongated luteous basal spot, which is notched hindward.

Female. Luteous marks somewhat deeper than those of the male; fore wings with the 2nd luteous spot more oblique; 4th shorter; 5th longer. Length of the body 5-5½ lines; of the wings 13-14 lines.

Nearly allied to S. tenuis.

24. SYNTOMIS EGENARIA, n. s. Mas. Cupreo-nigra, capite antico luteo, thorace marginibus strigisque duabus obliquis luteis, abdomine fasciis sex luteis, alis anticis guttis duabus basalibus maculisque sex strigaque subcostali luteis maculis 5° et 6° fusco interlineatis, posticis luteis brevissimis litura subcostali margineque fuscis.

Male. Cupreous black. Head luteous in front. Thorax luteous-bordered in front and behind, and with an oblique luteous streak on each side. Abdomen with six luteous bands, of which the 4th is broader than the others. Fore wings with two luteous basal dots and with six large luteous spots; 1st and 2nd spots near the base; 1st much broader than the 2nd, accompanied by a subcostal luteous streak; 3rd about half the length of the 4th, which is hindward and oblique; 5th and 6th each divided by a brown vein. Hind wings luteous, very short, with a brown subcostal mark and with a brown marginal band. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

Nearly allied to S. tenuis.

25. SYNTOMIS PRODUCENS, n. s. Mas. Atra, facie lutea nigro vittata, antennis angulatis, thorace margine antico guttis quatuor fasciaque postica luteis, abdomine fasciis sex luteis fascia 1a bis interrupta, alis anticis gutta basali maculisque quatuor elongatis maculaque exteriore subrotunda luteis, posticis striga basali plagaque interlineata luteis.

Male. Deep black. Face luteous, with a black stripe. Antennæ distinctly angular at about one-third of the length from the base. Thorax luteous-bordered in front, with two luteous dots on each side, and with a slight luteous band hindward. Abdomen with six luteous bands, of which the basal one is broader than the others, and is obliquely interrupted on each side. Fore wings with a luteous basal spot and with five large discal spots; 1st and 2nd spots approximate, much elongated; 3rd about thrice the breadth of the 4th, which is longer and narrower than the 1st and the 2nd; 5th nearly round. Hind wings with a large luteous basal streak which is notched hindward, and a luteous patch which is divided by a black line; the latter widens towards each end. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 20 lines.

Nearly allied to S. tenuis.

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26. SYNTOMIS DECORATA, n. s. Fœm. Purpureo-nigra, capite antico luteo, antennis apice albis, thoracis marginibus vittis duabus humeris abdominisque fasciis septem luteis, pedibus luteo fasciatis, tarsis basi albis, alis limpido areolatis basi luteis, anticis apice purpureo-nigris macula subapicali lutea, posticis minimis.

Female. Purplish black. Head luteous; vertex and palpi black. Antennæ black, pure white towards the tips. Thorax luteous-bordered in front and behind, with two luteous humeral spots and with two luteous stripes. Abdomen with seven luteous bands; 5th and 6th bands almost connected. Femora and tibiæ with luteous bands; tarsi pure white towards the base. Wings with the disks of the areolets limpid, luteous at the base. Fore wings with a luteous subapical spot and with purplish-black tips. Hind wings very small. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

Allied to S. fenestrata.

27. SYNTOMIS DERIVATA, n. s. Fœm. Purpurea, antennis apice thoracis margine antico pectore abdominis macula basali fasciaque albis, alis anticis limpido quinquemaculatis, posticis limpido bimaculatis.

Female. Deep purple. Antennæ black, with white tips. Thorax pure white in front. Pectus mostly white. Abdomen with a truncate conical pure white basal spot, and with a band at two-thirds of the length of the same hue. Fore wings with five large limpid spots; 1st spot near the base; 3rd slightly oblique, behind the 2nd; 5th behind the 4th, which it much exceeds in size. Hind wings with two limpid spots; the interior spot much larger than the exterior one. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

This species comes between S. Minceus and S. divisa.

28. SYNTOMIS TRANSITIVA, n. s. Mas. Purpurea, capitis gutta antennis apice thoracis fascia antica interrupta humeris maculisque quatuor pectoralibus albis, abdomine fasciis duabus interruptis guttisque quatuor lateralibus albis, tarsis basi albis, alis anticis limpido quinquemaculatis, posticis minimis limpido trimaculatis.

Male. Deep purple. Head with a white dot in front. Antennæ silvery white towards the tips. Thorax with an interrupted white band on the fore border, and with two humeral white spots. Pectus with two white spots on each side. Abdomen with two interrupted white bands, one at the base, the other at two-thirds of the length, entire beneath, where there are two white dots on each side in front of it. Fore coxæ white beneath; tarsi white towards the base. Wings cupreous-tinged. Fore wings with five limpid spots; 1st spot subelliptical, less than half the length of the 2nd, which is hindward and oblique, and has parallel sides; 3rd, 4th, and 5th spots elliptical, smaller than the 1st; 3rd much in front of the 4th and 5th, which are only divided by a black vein. Hind wings very small, with three limpid spots, which occupy

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the whole disk, and are only divided by the black veins. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

This species also comes between S. Minceus and S. divisa.

29. SYNTOMIS INTERMISSA, n. s. Mas. Purpurea, capitis gutta thoracis fascia antica interrupta humeris pectorisque maculis quatuor albis, antennis apicalibus abdomine fascia basali interrupta fascia posteriore guttisque lateralibus albis, tarsis basi albis, alis anticis limpido quinquemaculatis, posticis minimis limpido trimaculatis.

Male. Deep purple. Head with a white dot in front. Antennæ with silvery-white tips. Thorax with an interrupted white band on the fore border, and with two humeral white spots. Pectus with two white spots on each side. Abdomen with an interrupted white basal band and with an entire white band at two-thirds of the length; tip bluish; underside with a row of white dots along each side from the base to the hinder band. Fore coxæ white beneath; tarsi white at the base. Fore wings with five limpid spots; 1st spot subquadrate, more than half the length of the 2nd, which widens exteriorly and has an oblique exterior side; 3rd nearly linear, much in front of the 4th and the 5th, which together form a short conical spot. Hind wings very small, with three limpid spots; 2nd and 3rd spots much smaller than those of the preceding species. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 15 lines.

This is sufficiently different from S. transitiva to claim a new name; but there is so much resemblance between the two that they may be termed varieties or nearly allied species, according to the various use of those words.

30. SYNTOMIS SEPARABILIS, n. s. Fœm. Nigra, capitis gutta antennis apice humerisque albis, abdomine macula basali guttis lateralibus fascia dorsali fasciisque ventralibus albis, alis anticis limpido quinquemaculatis, posticis minimis limpido unimaculatis.

Female. Black. Head with a white dot in front. Antennæ white towards the tips. Thorax with two humeral white spots. Abdomen with a subquadrate white basal spot; a row of white dots along each side, and white bands beneath from the base to a dorsal white band at two-thirds of the length. Fore coxæ white beneath. Fore wings with five limpid spots; 1st spot small, slightly oblong, near the base; 2nd and 3rd oblong-quadrate; 3rd oblique, a little shorter and broader than the 2nd; 4th elliptical; 5th larger than the 4th, double or divided by a black vein. Hind wings very short, with one very large limpid spot. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

This, though much like S. intermissa, is sufficiently distinct to be called another species.

31. SYNTOMIS DIVISURA, n. s. Fœm. Nigra, fronte humerisque albis,

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abdomine cyaneo, alis anticis maculis quatuor elongatis limpidis, posticis limpidis macula una elongata limpida.

Female. Black. Front white. Thorax with two large humeral white spots. Abdomen dark blue. Fore wings with four limpid elongated spots; 1st spot much shorter and more slender than the 2nd, from which it is very narrowly divided; 2nd slightly oblique; 3rd elongate-elliptical, a little longer than the 4th, of which a very small part in front is subdivided by a black vein. Hind wings very small, with one large elongated limpid spot. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

This is most allied to S. separabilis, from which it may be distinguished by the absence of the basal spot of the fore wings.

32. SYNTOMIS EXPANDENS, n. s. Mas. Cyaneo-purpurea, antennis apice humeris tarsisque basi albis, alis anticis maculis sex contiguis limpidis, posticis minimis macula una elongata limpida.

Male. Dark-bluish purple. Antennæ shining white towards the tips. Thorax with two humeral white spots. Tarsi white towards the base. Fore wings with six large elongated limpid spots, five of which are only divided from each other by the black veins; the 4th is somewhat more widely divided from the others. Hind wings very small, with one large elongated limpid spot, from which a very small basal part is slightly divided by a black vein.

In this Syntomis the characters which are common to the five preceding species begin to pass away.

33. SYNTOMIS LONGIPENNIS, n. S. Fœm. Nigra, humeris albis, pectore maculis quatuor albis, abdomine cyaneo-purpureo litura basali maculis quatuor lateralibus fascia posteriore ventreque albis, alis anticis limpido quadrimaculatis, posticis limpido bimaculatis.

Female. Black. Thorax with two humeral white spots. Pectus with two white spots on each side. Abdomen dark-bluish purple, mostly white beneath, with a large truncate-conical white basal spot, and with four lateral white spots between the latter, and a white band which is a little beyond the middle. Fore wings very long, with four limpid spots; 2nd, 3rd, and 4th spots slightly elongated; 1st nearly round, much smaller than the others, in front of and between the 2nd and the 4th; 3rd near the costa, beyond the 4th. Hind wings longer than those of the preceding species of this genus, with two limpid spots; 1st spot, slightly divided by a black vein, larger than the 2nd, which is nearly round. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 20 lines.

34. SYNTOMIS DETRACTA, n. s. Fœm. Nigra, antennis apice albis, abdomine cyanescenti-viridi, alis anticis macula oblonga basali maculaque exteriore magna transversa excavata limpidis, posticis parvis puncto discali limpido.

Female. Black. Antennæ white towards the tips. Abdomen bluish

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green. Fore wings with an oblong limpid spot near the base, and with a much larger transverse exterior limpid spot which is excavated in the middle, and especially so on the outer side. Hind wings rather small, with a discal limpid point. Length of the body 4½ lines; of the wings 12 lines.

Allied to S. pectoralis and to S. albimacida.

35. SYNTOMIS ALBIPLAGA, n. s. Fœm. Cyanea, capite antennis pedibus abdominisque fasciis nigris, alis anticis fascia lata abbreviata albo-vitrea.

Female. Dark blue. Head, antennæ, and legs black. Abdomen with black bands. Fore wings beyond the middle with a broad white vitreous band, which is abbreviated at each end and becomes narrow and conical hindward. Hind wings very small. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

36. SYNTOMIS FLAVIPLAGA, n. s. Fœm. Nigra, antennis apice albis, abdomine fasciis cyaneis, alis anticis fascia latissima abbreviata flavescenti-vitrea.

Female. Black. Antennæ white towards the tips. Abdomen with blue bands. Fore wings beyond the middle with a broad pale-yellowish vitreous band, which is abbreviated at each end, and is a little narrower hindward, and is much broader than that of the preceding species. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

37. SYNTOMIS BASIFERA, n. s. Fœm. Nigra, antennis apice albis, abdomine cyaneo, alis anticis gutta basali oblonga maculaque magna transversa exteriore flavescente vitreis.

Female. Black. Antennæ shining white towards the tips. Abdomen dark blue. Fore wings with an oblong pale-yellowish vitreous dot near the base, and with a large transverse spot of the same hue at a little beyond the middle. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

Gen. PHAUDA, Walk.

38. PHAUDA TENSIPENNIS, n. s. Mas. Læte ochraceo-rufa, facie perobliqua, proboscide palpisque obsoletis, abdomine maculis duabus lateralibus elongatis albidis, alis perangustis cupreo subtinctis, anticis fascia informi nigro-purpurea.

Male. Bright orange-red. Vertex prominent; face very oblique, whitish about the mouth. Proboscis and palpi obsolete. Antennæ black, stout, very minutely serrated, orange towards the base. Abdomen linear, keeled above, about thrice the length of the thorax, with a large elongated whitish spot on each side. Legs stout; femora and tibiæ compressed, the latter without spurs. Wings slightly cupreous-tinged, extremely long and narrow. Fore wings with an irregular blackish-purple band beyond the middle; inferior veins from the 1st to the 4th successively more remote from each other. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

Allied to P. flammans and to P. Fortunii.

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Fam. LITHOSIIDÆ, Steph.

Gen. NYCTEMERA, Hübn.

39. Nyctemera Lacticinia, Cram. Pap. Exot. ii. 47, pl. 128. f. E. (Phalæna Geometra).

Inhabits also Hindostan, Ceylon, Java, and China.

40. Nyctemera latistriga, Walk. Cat. Lep. ii. 397.

Inhabits also Hindostan, Ceylon, and Java.

41. Nyctemera Coleta, Cram. Pap. Exot. iv. 153, pl. 368. f. H. (Phalæna Geometra).

Inhabits also Hindostan, Ceylon, and Java.

42. NYCTEMERA ABRAXOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Alba, capite thoraceque luteis nigro maculatis, abdomine guttis lateralibus nigris, alis anticis guttis basalibus nigris vitta postica fascia obliqua albo uniguttata fasciaque marginali lata albo maculata fuscis, posticis fascia marginali excavata fusca maculam albam includente.

Female. White. Head and thorax luteous. Head with a black spot on the vertex, and with another on the face. Palpi at the tips and antennæ black. Thorax with eight black spots. Abdomen with black dots along each side. Fore wings with black dots at the base, with a brown stripe along the interior border, with an irregular oblique brown band which contains in front a white dot and emits two streaks to the base, and with a broad brown marginal space, the latter containing four white spots of various size; a white point on the fringe by the interior angle. Hind wings with a brown marginal band, which is much excavated, contains a white spot in front, and emits angles on the fringe. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 20 lines.

Nearly allied to N. selecta.

Gen. EUSCHEMA, Hübn.

This genus corresponds to the family Hazidæ of Guénée, and is included by him in the Geometrites, to which it has some resemblance.

43. Euschema subrepleta, Walk. Cat. Lep. ii. 406. Hazis Bellonaria, Guén. Fal. ii. 493, pl. 18. f. 1.

Inhabits also Ceylon and Malacca.

44. Euschema Malayana, Guér. Voy. Delessert, Hist. Nat. 89, pl. 23. f. 2 (Hazis).

Inhabits also Hindostan.

45. EUSCHEMA GLAUCESCENS, n. s. Mas. Cinerea, capite thoraceque viridi-fusco fasciatis, abdominis apice subtus ventreque luteis, alis glauco-viridibus, anticis fasciis quatuor deviis strigisque obscure purpureis, posticis apud margines luteis fasciis duabus obscure purpureis 2a maculari submarginali.

Male. Cinereous. Head with a greenish-brown band on the vertex,

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and with a spot of the same hue on the front. Antennæ rather broadly pectinated. Thorax with two greenish-brown bands. Pectus and abdomen towards the tip beneath luteous. Wings glaucous green. Fore wings with four irregular dark-purple bands, which are connected together by streaks, and thus divide the ground hue into spots; 1st band emitting two streaks to the base; 4th marginal. Hind wings luteous along most of the interior and exterior borders, with two dark-purple bands; 2nd band macular, submarginal. Length of the body 9 lines; of the wings 28 lines.

Allied to E. plena.

46. EUSCHEMA RESUMPTA, n. s. Mas. Nigra, capite fasciis duabus fronteque albis, thorace punctis albis, pectore cyaneo plagis albis, abdomine flavo fasciis nigris subtus albo, alis anticis cupreo-nigris puncto basali fasciisque quatuor macularibus albis aut flavis, posticis flavis strigis exterioribus connexis cupreo-nigris.

Male. Black. Head with a white band on the vertex, and another behind; front white. Antennæ very slightly pectinated. Thorax with some white points hindward. Pectus blue, with white patches on each side. Abdomen yellow, white beneath, with black dorsal bands. Fore wings cupreous black, narrow, with a yellow point at the base, and with four macular bands; 1st and 2nd bands yellow, each composed of two spots, which are very much larger in the 2nd band than in the 1st band; 3rd and 4th bands white; 3rd composed of a large spot in front and of two smaller elongated spots hindward; 4th composed of five elongated spots; exterior border extremely oblique. Hind wings bright yellow, with irregular cupreous-black exterior streaks, which are mostly connected at each end, and thus include three large elongated spots. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 22 lines.

Most nearly allied to E. flavescens.

47. EUSCHEMA TRANSDUCTA, n. s. Mas. Glauco-cinerea, thorace fasciis duabus nigris, pectore luteo, abdomine fasciis cervinis apice luteo, alis purpurascenti-nigro notatis, macula discali maculisque marginalibus maximis, linea exteriore angulosa, anticis strigis duabus basalibus strigaque transversa obliqua, posticis maculis duabus marginalibus luteis.

Male. Glaucous cinereous. Antennæ moderately pectinated. Thorax with two black bands. Pectus luteous. Abdomen with fawn-coloured bands, luteous at the tip. Wings ample, with purplish-black markings; discal spot very large; exterior line very zigzag; marginal spots very large, mostly connected in the fore wings. Fore wings with two streaks proceeding from the base, and bounded by an oblique exterior streak; exterior border less oblique than in most species of the genus. Hind wings with a dot between the discal spot and the interior bor-

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der; a luteous spot at the tip of the costa, and a much larger one by the interior angle. Length of the body 9 lines; of the wings 24 lines.

Most nearly allied to E. Malayana.

48. EUSCHEMA RECESSA, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-glauca, thorace fascia strigisque duabus nigris, abdomine fasciis nigris apice ventreque luteis, alis purpurascenti-nigro notatis, maculis duabus discalibus, linea exteriore angulosa maculari, maculisque marginalibus elongatis, anticis striga postica interiore liturisque duabus basalibus elongatis.

Male. Cinereous glaucous: in structure like the preceding species. Antennæ moderately pectinated. Thorax with a black band in front, and with two black humeral streaks. Abdomen with a black band on the fore border of each segment; tip and underside luteous. Wings with purplish-black markings; discal spot very large, nearly round, with a smaller spot between it and the interior border; exterior line zigzag, macular; marginal band composed of elongated spots, which are longest in the fore wings. Fore wings with two elongated marks near the base, and with a little streak behind the 2nd discal spot. Length of the body 10 lines; of the wings 28 lines.

Gen. POMPELON, Walk.

49. Pompelon marginata, Guér. Voy. Delessert, Hist. Nat. 83, pl. 25. f. 1 (Gynautocera).

Inhabits also Hindostan and Java.

Gen. CYCLOSIA, Hübn.

50. CYCLOSIA NOCTIPENNIS, n. s. Fœm. Nigra, capite albo vario, thorace punctis duobus albis, abdomine guttis lateralibus albis, alis patulis albo aut cyaneo punctatis, punctis subtus bene determinatis, strigis marginalibus duplicatis albis.

Female. Black. Head white about the eyes, with a white band in front of the antennæ, and with a white point on the vertex. Antennæ very slightly pectinated. Thorax with two humeral white points. Abdomen with white dots along each side, and with a white apical streak on each side. Wings long, very ample, with white or blue points, which are by far the most numerous on the underside; a row of double marginal white streaks, which diminish successively in length from the tips of the fore wings, and disappear on the exterior border of the hind wings. Length of the body 11 lines; of the wings 40 lines.

It closely resembles some species of Euplœa in its markings.

51. CYCLOSIA PIERIDOIDES, Boisd. Herr. -Sch. Lep. Exot. pl. 1. f. 6 (Epyrgis). Var.? Mas. Cupreo-nigra, subtus alba, capite thoraceque albo guttatis, abdomine lineis duabus lateralibus et segmen-

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torum marginibus posticis albis, alis cinereo-albis venis nigro marginatis, anticis nigro quadrimaculatis, posticis nigro unimaculatis.

Male. Cupreous black, slender, white beneath. Head and thorax with white dots. Abdomen with a white line along each side, and with a white band on the hind border of each segment. Wings cinereous white, with black stripes along all the veins; exterior border black. Fore wings with four irregular black spots, two of them subcostal, and two near the interior angle; costa very convex. Hind wings with a subcostal black spot. Length of the body 9 lines; of the wings 30 lines.

This species in its wing-markings has a great likeness to the genus Histia.

52. CYCLOSIA PIEROIDES, n. s. Mas. Nigra, subtus alba, capite thoraceque albo notatis, thorace postico abdomineque glaucescenti-cæruleis, alis albis cæruleo venosis, anticis apud marginem exteriorem nigricantibus, posticis subtus flavescentibus.

Male. Black, white beneath. Head and thorax with white marks. Antennæ moderately pectinated. Thorax hindward and abdomen pale glaucous blue. Wings white; veins blue. Fore wings above with the veins broadly bordered with black towards the tips, where the disks of the areolets are speckled with black; underside hardly striped with black. Hind wings tinged with yellow beneath, where the veins are more black-bordered than on the upper surface. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 22 lines.

The resemblance of this species, of C. dissimulata, and of C. ficta, to some species of Pieris is very remarkable.

53. CYCLOSIA TENEBROSA, n. s. Mas. Obscure rufescenti-purpurea, antennis cyaneis subpectinatis, abdomine cyaneo, alis anticis fascia exteriore e strigis lineaque submarginali punctulari albis.

Male. Dark reddish purple. Antennæ and abdomen metallic blue, the former slightly pectinated. Wings moderately long and broad. Fore wings with an exterior upright band composed of longitudinal white streaks; a submarginal line of white points, joining the band by the interior angle; costa convex; exterior border straight. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 24 lines.

Allied to C. fuliginosa.

54. CYCLOSIA DISSIMULATA, n. s. Fœm. Alba, capite antico thoracisque suturis nigris, antennis cyaneis subpectinatis, alis fascia exteriore diffusa fascia marginali maculas duas albas includente strigisque intermediis fuscis, anticis fusco venosis, posticis margine interiore subtus flavo.

Female. White. Head in front and sutures of the thorax black. Antennæ metallic blue, very slightly pectinated. Abdomen glaucous blue, white at the base. Wings with an exterior diffuse brown band,

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which is connected by streaks along the veins with the brown marginal band, and contains two white spots in front. Fore wings rounded at the tips; veins more or less bordered with brown; costa and exterior border convex. Hind wings yellow beneath along the interior border. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 22 lines.

55. CYCLOSIA FICTA, n. s. Fœm. Nigricanti-cyanea, oculis albo cinctis, abdomine subtus pedibusque albis, alis dimidio exteriore nigro, anticis nigro venosis extus albido strigatis subtus basi nigris, posticis spatio medio flavo basi subtus rufis.

Female. Blackish metallic blue. Head white about the eyes. Antennæ very slightly pectinated. Abdomen white beneath. Legs white; coxæ streaked with blue. Wings ample, with nearly half the exterior surface black, which occupies much less space on the underside. Fore wings rounded at the tips; veins slightly bordered with black; some diffuse whitish streaks in the black part; underside black at the base; costa convex; exterior border very slightly excavated hindward. Hind wings slightly truncate at the tips, with the middle part yellow, which hue is more widely spread on the underside, where the base is red and black-bordered and where the veins are black-bordered; the underside has also in front two elongated white spots, one of which appears also above, though of a smaller size. Length of the body 9 lines; of the wings 28 lines.

Gen. CHALCOSIA, Hübn.

56. CHALCOSIA COLIADOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Cyaneo-alba, capite coccineo antice aurato-viridi, antennis cyaneis vix pectinatis, thorace cyaneo vittis quatuor albis margine antico coccineo, alis flavis lituris cupreonigris cyaneo micantibus, anticis spatio marginali obscuro fasciam flavam dentatam arcuatam antice dilatatam includente macula discali rotunda maculisque duabus elongatis posticis striga subtus basali, posticis linea submarginali maculari.

Female. Metallic white. Head crimson, golden green in front. Antennæ metallic blue, very slightly pectinated. Thorax metallic blue, with four white stripes, crimson in front. Wings with blue reflections on some of the cupreous-black marks. Fore wings with a dark marginal space which contains a dentate curved yellow band, is interrupted by yellow lines along the veins, and is much dilated in front; a round spot on the fore part of the disk, and two elongated spots hindward; underside with a broad streak proceeding from the base to nearly half the length, Hind wings with a macular submarginal line which is bent in front, or indicates there the commencement of a second line. Var.β. Fore wings with the dark space more divided into spots and containing a broader band. Length of the body 9-10 lines; of the wings 24-26 lines.

Nearest allied to C. Adalifa.

LINN. PROC.—ZOOLOGY, VOL. VI. 7

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57. CHALCOSIA FRAGILIS, n. s. Fœm. Alba, capite thorace et antennis cyaneis, thoracis suturis albis, alis lituris nigris purpurascenticyaneo micantibus, anticis fasciis duabus latis 1? interrupta 2a postice abbreviata fascia marginali antice lata, posticis fascia submarginali intus excavata.

Female. White. Head, thorax, and antennæ metallie blue, the latter very slightly pectinated. Thorax with white sutures. Wings with black markings which have purplish-blue reflections. Fore wings with two broad bands; the first interrupted in the middle or forming two large spots, the second abbreviated hindward; a marginal band, broadest in front; costa very convex; exterior border hardly convex. Hind wings with a submarginal band, which is deeply excavated on the inner side, recedes from the border in front, and is nearly marginal in front. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

Gen. ARYCANDA, Walk.

Arycanda is nearly allied to Isbarta and to Pintia.

58. ARYCANDA HESTINOIDES, n. s. Mas. Cyaneo-nigra, oculis albo cinctis, antennis cyaneis, thorace guttis quinque albis, abdominis segmentorum marginibus posticis ventreque albis, alis areolarum discis schistaceo-albis subtus cyaneis albo maculatis, maculis marginalibus cyaneis, posticis subtus apud marginem interiorem luteis.

Male. Bluish black. Head white about the eyes. Palpi ferruginous beneath. Antennæ metallic blue, moderately pectinated. Thorax with two white dots on each side and one hindward. Abdominal segments with white hind borders; underside white. Wings with the disks of the areolets, except towards the tips of the fore wings, slaty white; this hue is composed of scales; underside blue, with elongated white spots and with fewer and larger black spots. Fore wings with a row of blue marginal spots. Hind wings luteous along the interior border on the underside. Length of the body 9 lines; of the wings 26 lines.

The wing-markings of this species are nearly similar to those of the genus Hestina.

Gen. PIDORUS, Walk.

Leucopsumis, Hübn. Verz. Schm. 177.

59. PIDORUS SORDIDUS, n. s. Mas. Saturate cyaneus, subtus albus, alis ferrugineo-nigris viridi tinctis, anticis fascia exteriore informi albida submaculari, posticis albidis cyaneo marginatis.

Male. Deep metallic blue, mostly white beneath. Antennæ moderately pectinated. Wings ferruginous black, tinged with metallic green. Fore wings with an irregular upright dingy white exterior band, which is almost macular, and is intersected by the brown veins. Hind wings

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dingy white, except towards the exterior border. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 20 lines.

Gen. DIDINA, n. g.

Fœm. Corpus gracile. Facies producta. Proboscis et palpi vix conspicui. Antennæ subpectinatæ. Pedes graciles; tibiæ posticæ non calcaratæ. Alæ amplæ; anticæ apice rotundatæ, costa margineque exteriore subconvexis; posticæ abdomen longe superantes.

Female. Body slender. Face very prominent. Proboscis and palpi rudimentary. Antennæ slightly pectinated. Abdomen with radiating bristles at the tip, which is furnished with a long retractile oviduct. Legs slender; hind tibiæ without spurs. Wings ample. Fore wings rounded at the tips; costa and exterior border slightly convex, the latter very oblique; 1st and 2nd inferior veins contiguous at the base; 3rd much nearer to the 2nd than to the 4th. Hind wings extending much beyond the abdomen.

This genus comes between Histia and Pompelon.

60. DIDINA THECLOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Ferrugineo-nigra viridi subnitens, capite antennis thoraceque antico cyaneis.

Female. Ferruginous black, with a dark-green tinge. Head, antennæ, and fore part of the thorax metallic blue. Wings of one colour above and beneath. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 24 lines.

Gen. MILLERIA, Boisd., Herr.-Sch.

Laurion, Walk. Cat. Lep. ii. 426.

Some species of Chalcosia, as well as the type of the genus Laurion, are included by Herrich-Schäffer in Milleria.

61. MILLERIA BIFASCIATA, n. s. Mas. Nigro-fusca, antennis late pectinatis, thoracis margine antico coccineo, alis sat angustis, anticis fascia exteriore subobliqua pallide lutea.

Male. Blackish brown. Antennæ broadly pectinated. Fore border of the thorax crimson. Wings rather narrow. Fore wings slightly acuminated, with a broad, pale-luteous, slightly oblique exterior band; costa convex; exterior border hardly convex, very oblique. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

This species represents M. gemina.

Gen. SORITIA, Walk.

62. SORITIA BIPARTITA, n. s. Mas. Nigro-viridis, subtus lutea, antennis cyaneis, thoracis margine autico rufo, abdomine luteo, alis anticis flavescentibus fasciis deviis e maculis elongatis viridibus, posticis spatio marginali nigro postice attenuato.

Male. Blackish metallic green, luteous beneath. Antennæ metallic blue, moderately pectinated. Thorax red along the fore border. Ab-

7*

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domen luteous. Fore wings yellowish, narrow, rounded at the tips, with numerous elongated dark-green spots which form irregular bands; costa convex; exterior border very oblique. Hind wings luteous, with a black marginal space which is attenuated hindward. Length of the body 4½ lines; of the wings 12 lines.

Gen. HYPSA, Hübn.

63. Hypsa Silvandra, Cram. Pap. Exot. iv. 155, pl. 369. f. D. (Phalæna).

Inhabits also Hindostan, China, Java and Australia.

64. Hypsa Dama, Fabr. Ent. Syst. iii. 2. 22. 69 (Noctria).

Hypsa lanceolata, Walk. Cat. Lep. vii. 1675.

Inhabits also Celebes and New Guinea.

65. Hypsa egens, Walk. Cat. Lep. ii. 453.

Inhabits also Hindostan and Java.

66. Hypsa Javana, Cram. Pap. Exot. iii. 146, pl. 274. f. C. (Phalæna).

Inhabits also Hindostan and Java.

67. HYPSA PRIVATA, n. s. Fœm. Lutea, palpis apice nigris, thorace guttis duabus nigris, abdomine guttis dorsalibus maculisque subtus lateralibus nigris, pedibus albis nigro vittatis, alis anticis cervinis albovenosis basi luteis nigro guttatis, posticis albis fusco late marginatis.

Female. Luteous. Third joint of the palpi black, full half the length of the 2nd. Thorax with a black dot on each side in front. Abdomen with one row of black dots; underside with a row of black spots on each side. Legs white, striped with black. Fore wings fawn-colour with some black dots very near the base, which is luteous; veins white. Hind wings white, with a broad brown marginal band which is attenuated hindward. Length of the body 9 lines; of the wings 24 lines.

Gen. CARANUSCA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis vix conspicua. Palpi porrecti, caput superantes; articulus 3us longiconicus, 2i triente brevior. Antennæ setaceæ, vix pubescentes. Thorax lævis, squamosus. Abdomen conicum, subcarinatum, apice obtusum, alas posticas perpaullo superans. Pedes robusti; tibiæ posticæ calcaribus quatuor parvis. Alæ spissæ, oblongæ, discolores; anticæ apice rectangulatæ, costa recta, margine exteriore subflexo.

Male. Body thick. Proboscis rudimentary. Palpi porrect, extending beyond the head, hardly ascending; 3rd joint elongate-conical, less than one-third of the length of the 2nd. Antennæ setaceous, very minutely pubescent. Thorax smooth, with squamous hairs. Ab-

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domen conical, slightly keeled above, extending very little beyond the hind wings, obtuse but hardly tufted at the tip. Legs robust; hind tibiæ with four short spurs. Wings stout, elongate. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; costa straight; exterior border slightly bent in the middle, its hind part very oblique; 1st and 2nd inferior veins connected for some space; 3rd very near the 2nd; 4th remote from the 3rd. Hind wings unlike the fore wings in colour.

Allied to Hypsa.

68. CARANUSCA RUBRIFERA, n. s. Mas. Ferrugineo-fusca, vertice thoracisque disco abdominisque basi rufis, alis anticis linea obliqua recta cinerea, posticis flavis apice margineque exteriore ferrugineofuscis.

Male. Ferruginous brown. Vertex red. Thorax with a very broad red stripe. Abdomen red at the base. Fore wings with a cinereous line which proceeds from near the tip of the costa to two-thirds of the length of the interior border. Hind wings bright yellow, ferruginous brown towards the tips and along the exterior border; interior border with a yellowish-cinereous stripe which widens hindward. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

Gen. HYPOPREPIA, Hübn.

69. HYPOPREPIA CRUCIATA. Mas et Fœm. Lateritio-rufa, capite thorace alisque anticis basi nigro punctatis, abdominis maris apice subtus nigro, alis anticis nonnunquam flavescente variis linea obliqua lineisque duabus transversis strigisque marginalibus fimbriaque nigricantibus, posticis albidis.

Male and Female. Brick-red, more rosy beneath. Head, thorax, and base of the fore wings with black points. Proboscis long. Palpi porrect, short, slender, not extending beyond the front. Antennæ of the male minutely setulose. Abdomen whitish rosy, except at the tip. Abdomen of the male black beneath towards the tip. Fore wings occasionally here and there yellowish, with blackish markings, which are broader in the female than in the male, an oblique line which is traversed at right angles by another line, and an exterior curved line which emits streaks to the exterior border; fringe blackish. Hind wings whitish, with a rosy tinge which is most prevalent along the exterior border. Length of the body 5-6 lines; of the wings 12-18 lines.

70. HYPOPREPIA RUBRIGUTTA, n. s. Mas. Luteo-flava, capitis puncto thoracisque punctis duobus nigris, thorace postico rufo, alis anticis punctis basalibus nigris fasciisque duabus latissimis connexis strigas coccineas includentibus.

Male. Luteous yellow. Head with a black point on the vertex. Antennæ very minutely setulose. Thorax red hindward, with a black point on each shoulder. Abdomen and hind wings pale yellow.

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Fore wings with two very broad brown bands, which are connected by a short broad discal stripe, and contain several crimson streaks; some black points at the base, to which the 1st irregular band emits a streak; 2nd band much broader than the 1st, most irregular along the outer side. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

71. HYPOPREPIA EUPREPIOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Testaceo-flava, capitis vitta thoracisque fasciis duabus lateribusque fuscis, alis anticis vittis tribus fasciisque quinque variis fuscis fascia 5a latissima marginali maculas tres elongatas includente.

Female. Testaceous yellow. Head with a brown stripe. Thorax brown along each side, and with two brown bands. Abdomen paler than the thorax, except towards the tip. Fore wings with brown markings, which have a glaucous bloom, and consist of three stripes and five bands; 1st stripe costal; 3rd emitting streaks to the interior border; 1st band basal; 2nd curved outward; 3rd angular inward, double hindward; 4th retracted hindward; 5th very broad, containing three elongated yellow spots. Hind wings paler than the fore wings, with an irregular brown subapical band, which is most distinct on the underside. Length of the body 5½ lines; of the wings 15 lines.

72. HYPOPREPIA DIVISA, n. s. Mas et Fœm. Testaceo-flava, alis anticis linea brevi costali punctoque basalibus nigricantibus necnon fasciis duabus e lineis lineaque intermedia transversa undulata nigricantibus.

Male and Female. Testaceous yellow. Antennæ of the male distinctly setulose. Abdomen much paler than the thorax, except towards the tip in the male, where the appendages are large. Fore wings with a short blackish costal line and a blackish point at the base, and with two rows of longitudinal blackish lines; space between the rows including an undulating transverse blackish line. Hind wings much paler than the fore wings. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 11-13 lines.

73. HYPOPREPIA PERPUSILLA, n. s. Fœm. Roseo-lutescens, alis anticis puncto basali vitta media lineisque quatuor transversis deviis nigricantibus.

Female. Pale luteous, tinged with rosy red. Abdomen and hind wings pale testaceous. Fore wings with a black point at the base, and with blackish markings; these consist of a middle stripe which is traversed by four irregular lines. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 8 lines.

This species has some resemblance to Miltochrista miniata.

Gen. LITHOSIA, Fabr.

74. Lithosia entella, Cram. Pap. Exot. iii. 27, pl. 208. f. D. (Phalæna Tinea).

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Inhabits also Hindostan. The specimen here recorded is a male, and it differs from the Hindostan female in having the 1st band of the fore wings much less dilated interiorly, and in the narrower apical band.

75. LITHOSIA MAGNIFICA, n. s. Fœm. Aurato-lutea, thorace vittis duabus latis abbreviates pedibusque cyaneo-viridibus, alis anticis vitta costali macula basali fasciaque media cyaneo-viridibus.

Female. Gilded luteous. Antennæ black. Thorax with a broad short squamous metallic bluish-green stripe on each side. Legs bluish-green, except towards the base of the femora. Fore wings with bluish-green markings; a stripe along the costa, excavated in the middle and extending also along the exterior border; a spot hindward near the base, and a middle band, which is dilated on the middle of the interior side. Length of the body 9 lines; of the wings 24 lines.

This species and L. entella form a group in the genus.

76. Lithosia antica, Walk. Cat. Lep. ii. 505.

Inhabits also Ceylon.

77. Lithosia tetragona, Walk. Cat. Lep. ii. 510.

Inhabits also Hindostan.

The specimen here noticed differs from that of Hindostan in the much shorter quadrate mark on the fore wings. L. signata, from China, belongs to the same group.

78. LITHOSIA INTACTA, n. s. Fœm. Lutea, crassa, abdomine pallido pilis longis vestito, alis anticis apice rectangulatis, posticis pallidis margine interiore fimbriato.

Female. Luteous, very stout. Tegulæ of the thorax slightly furrowed. Abdomen pale, clothed above with long hairs. Fore wings like the thorax in colour, nearly rectangular at the tips; costa straight. Hind wings much paler, with long hairs along the interior border. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

Very nearly allied to L. innotata, L. conformis, and L. brevipennis.

79. LITHOSIA LEUCANIOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Pallide testacea, thorace maculis tribus nigris, pedibus supra nigricantibus, alis anticis lineis tribus nigris 1a, 2a que bifurcatis.

Female. Pale testaceous. Head and fore part of the thorax with a slight luteous tinge. Antennæ black. Thorax with a black discal spot and with an elongated black spot on each of the tegulæ. Legs blackish above. Fore wings with three black lines; 1st line furcate beyond the middle, its fore branch also furcate near the tip; 2nd line furcate at one-third of its length, its fore branch furcate at two-thirds of its length. Hind wings not paler than the fore wings. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

80. LITHOSIA NIGRICANS, n. s. Fœm. Nigricans, fronte thoracis margine antico ventre pedibusque testaceis, alis anticis costa fimbriaque testaceis.

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Female. Blackish. Front, fore border of the thorax, shoulders, abdomen beneath, and legs testaceous. Fore wings narrow; costa straight, testaceous; exterior border hardly oblique; fringe testaceous. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

Allied to L. serva, from which it may be distinguished by its smaller size and by its much darker colour.

81. LITHOSIA ASPERSA, n. s. Mas et Fœm. Pallide lutea, alis anticis acutis cervino dense conspersis costa extus subconvexa margine exteriore subflexo subtus nigricante, posticis pallide testaceis.

Male and Female. Pale luteous. Antennæ of the male very stout. Tegulæ of the thorax furrowed. Abdomen and hind wings pale testaceous, the former long in the male, and with a large apical tuft of hairs. Fore wings thickly speckled with fawn-colour; costa slightly convex exteriorly; tips acute; exterior border straight, very slightly bent in the middle, with a blackish band on the underside. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

82. LITHOSIA APICALIS, n. s. Mas. Lutea, robusta, capite thoraceque nigricantibus, alis anticis purpurascente suffusis apice saturatioribus.

Male. Luteous, robust. Head, palpi, antennæ, and thorax blackish. Antennæ distinctly setulose. Abdomen with a few long hairs. Fore wings mostly covered with a slight purplish tinge, which hue is deepest about the tips, where its outline is distinctly marked. Length of the body 4½ lines; of the wings 12 lines.

83. LITHOSIA ROTUNDIPENNIS, n. s. Fœm. Lutea, robusta, palpis apice pedibusque supra nigris, alis anticis latiusculis acutis vix falcatis striga subtus marginali nigricante costa convexa, posticis pallide testaceis.

Female. Luteous, robust. Palpi black towards the tips. Abdomen and hind wings pale testaceous. Legs black above. Fore wings rather broad, acute, and almost subfalcate at the tips, with a blackish streak beneath along the fore part of the exterior border; costa convex; exterior border oblique hindward. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 13 lines.

Allied to L. brevipennis, from which it may be distinguished by the fore wings, which are broader, and have a convex costa, a much less oblique exterior border, and a blackish streak beneath.

84. LITHOSIA NODICORNIS, n. s. Mas. Pallide cervina, robusta, capite uscescente, antenni crassis basi incisis, abdominis lateribus subfasciculatis, alis anticis striga marginali nigricante, posticis costa dilatata incrassata fimbriata.

Male. Pale fawn-colour, stout. Head and palpi brownish. Antennæ robust, compressed, setulose, slightly notched near the base. Abdomen with slight tufts along each side. Fore wings narrower than those of L. rotundipennis; costa hardly convex; tips acute, not sub-

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falcate, a blackish streak beneath along the fore part of the exterior border. Hind wings with the costa dilated and much incrassated, and furnished with a long reflexed fringe. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

85. LITHOSIA FASCICULOSA, n. s. Mas. Fulva, robusta, capite antice fusco, antennis basi incrassatis incisis, abdomine longo, alis anticis acutis, posticis albidis margine interiore lutescente dense fasciculato.

Male. Tawny, stout. Head in front and palpi brown. Antennæ setulose, incrassated, and notched at the base. Abdomen long, extending far beyond the hind wings, clothed with long hairs except towards the tip; apical tuft of moderate size. Fore wings acute; costa slightly convex; exterior border very oblique. Hind wings whitish; interior border densely tufted with luteous hairs; costa very much dilated. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

This is nearly allied to the four preceding species, and with them forms a section in the Lithosiœ, and has some resemblance to Nonagria.

86. LITHOSIA SIMPLEX, n. s. Mas. Pallide lutea, abdomine pallide cinereo valvulis apicalibus ascendentibus, alis breviusculis, anticis apice subrotundatis.

Male. Pale luteous. Antennæ minutely setulose. Abdomen pale cinereous, except towards the tip; apical valves large, ascending. Wings rather short. Fore wings somewhat rounded at the tips; costa slightly convex; exterior border slightly convex and oblique. Hind wings much paler. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

87. LITHOSIA REVERSA, n. s. Fœm. Lutea, latiuscula, abdomine alisque posticis nitentibus fuscescenti-cervinis cupreo subtinctis, alis anticis breviusculis.

Female. Luteous. Body rather broad and flat. Abdomen and hind wings shining, brownish fawn-colour, with a slight cupreous tinge; tip of the abdomen testaceous. Wings short. Fore wings nearly rectangular at the tips; costa very slightly convex. Hind wings with a testaceous fringe. Length of the body 2¾ lines; of the wings 7 lines.

88. LITHOSIA MURICOLOR, n. s. Fœm. Murina, vertice corpore subtus pedibusque pallide testaceis, alis anticis apice subrotundatis costa fimbriaque testaceis.

Female. Mouse-colour. Vertex, underside, and legs pale testaceous. Wings rather short. Fore wings somewhat rounded at the tips; costa testaceous, nearly straight; exterior border slightly oblique; fringe testaceous. Length of the body 2½ lines; of the wings 6 lines.

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89. LITHOSIA FULIGINOSA, n. s. Mas. Fusca, antennis submoniliformibus, abdomine alisque posticis cinereis, alis anticis apice rectangulatis fimbria cinerea.

Male. Brown, more cinereous beneath. Antennæ submoniliform, distinctly setulose. Abdomen cinereous; apical tuft rather large, divergent. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; costa almost straight; exterior border slightly oblique; fringe cinereous. Hind wings cinereous; fringe paler. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 8 lines.

90. LITHOSIA NEBULOSA, n. s. Mas. Testacea, sat robusta, thoracis tegulis sulcatis, alis anticis apice subrotundatis fascia exteriore diffusa angulata strigisque submarginalibus cervinis.

Male. Testaceous, rather stout. Antennæ minutely setulose. Tegulæ of the thorax furrowed. Abdomen whitish, except at the tip, which is furnished with large tufted appendages. Wings rather narrow. Fore wings slightly rounded at the tips, with a diffuse deeply angular fawn-coloured band beyond the middle, and with more exterior streaks of the same hue; costa straight; exterior border rather oblique. Hind wings very much paler than the fore wings. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

91. LITHOSIA HYPOPREPIOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Testacea, thorace fascia maculari nigricante, alis lineis duabus transversis undulatis strigisque exterioribus nigricantibus, anticis gutta discali linea transversa interiore maculisque quatuor elongatis basalibus nigricantibus.

Female. Testaceous. Head and fore part of the thorax somewhat luteous, the latter with a macular blackish band. Wings elongate, with blackish markings. Middle and exterior lines undulating, the latter emitting streaks along the veins to the blackish exterior border. Fore wings hardly acute, with a basal costal line, and with four elongated basal marks, which are bounded by a very deeply curved interior line; a dot between the middle line and the exterior line, the latter forming a deep outward angle. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

92. LITHOSIA SYNTOMIOIDES, n. s. Mas. Fusca, subtus flavescens, antennis pubescentibus subcontortis, thorace vittis quatuor flavescentibus, abdominis fasciculo cervino, alis anticis macula basali maculisque sex discalibus elongatis flavescentibus, posticis flavescentibus fusco late marginatis costa dilatata incrassata fimbriata.

Male. Brown, pale buff beneath. Head pale buff. Antennæ thickly pubescent, slightly contorted at somewhat before one-fourth of the length. Thorax with four pale-buff stripes. Abdomen with a fawn-coloured apical tuft. Fore wings with a buff basal spot and with six more or less elongated discal spots; 3rd discal spot broader than the 1st and 2nd, much shorter than the 4th, which is lanceolate

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and oblique; 5th subcostal, not one-third of the breadth of the 6th. Hind wings buff, with a very broad brown border; costa much dilated and incrassated, furnished be neath with a long recumbent fringe; underside with a brown transverse streak, which is somewhat darker than the border. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 10 lines.

93. LITHOSIA. XYLINOIDES, n. s. Mas. Cinerea, capite thoraceque fuscescenti-cinereis, alis albido fimbriates, anticis acutis fusco conspersis fascia nigricante indistincta informi flexa lituraque discali nigra, posticis extus fuscescentibus. Var. Capite thoraceque magis fuscescentibus, alis anticis fusco saturatioribus fascia fusca distincta litura costali nigra nulla.

Male. Cinereous. Head and thorax pale-brownish cinereous. Antennæ minutely setulose. Abdomen extending beyond the hind wings, with an elongated compact apical tuft. Wings with a whitish fringe. Fore wings acute, irregularly brown-speckled, with an indistinct irregular bent blackish band, which forms a very distinct elongated black spot on the costa; costa and exterior border straight, the latter moderately oblique. Hind wings diffusedly brownish exteriorly. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 11 lines. Var. Head and thorax more brownish. Fore wings much more speckled with brown; the band brown, more complete, not black on the costa. Hind wings wholly brown, excepting the cinereous fringe.

94. LITHOSIA TORTRICOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Pallide testaceo-cinerea, thorace et abdomine pallidissime murinis, alis anticis acutis fusco pallido subnebuiosis, margine exteriore vix flexo. Mas? Testacea, alis brevioribus, anticis non nebulosis litura costali oblongo-quadrata obscure fusca litura apicali fuscescente venis costali et subcostali contiguis hac subtus fimbriata.

Female. Pale-testaceous cinereous. Thorax, except the sides and abdomen above, very pale mouse-colour, the latter hardly extending beyond the hind wings. Hind tibiæ with very short spurs. Wings elongate. Fore wings acute, partly and indistinctly clouded with pale brown; costa hardly convex, with a darker distinct brown mark at a little beyond the middle; exterior border hardly bent in the middle. Hind wings much paler than the fore wings. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

Male ? Testaceous. Palpi black towards the tips. Antennæ minutely setulose. Wings shorter than those of the female. Fore wings not clouded, but with a well-defined elongate quadrate dark-brown middle costal mark, and with a diffuse paler brown apical costal mark; costa dilated towards the base; costal vein and subcostal vein contiguous for some space, the former with a reversed fringe towards the base; discal areolet enlarged. Length of the body 4½ lines; of the wings 11 lines.

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95. LITHOSIA DISCALIS, n. s. Mas. Testacea, antennis subsetulosis, abdominis fasciculo apicali compresso, alis anticis vix acutis litura discali gibba nigricante fasciculata.

Male. Testaceous, rather flat. Antennæ minutely setulose. Abdomen with a compressed apical tuft. Fore wings hardly acute, with a gibbous blackish tufted mark on the discal areolet, which is concave beneath; costa hardly convex; exterior border very oblique. Hind wings paler. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 8 lines.

Gen. BLAVIA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus gracile. Proboscis subobsoleta. Palpi brevissimi. Antennœ breviusculæ, setulosæ. Abdomen alas posticas vix superans, fasciculo apicali parvo. Pedes graciles; femora sulcata; tibiæ posticæ calcaribus quatuor longiusculis approximates. Alœ elongatæ; anticæ apice rectangulatæ, costa recta, margine exteriore subobliquo vix convexo.

Male. Body slender. Proboscis almost obsolete. Palpi very short. Antennæ rather short, distinctly setulose. Abdomen hardly extending beyond the hind wings; apical tuft small. Legs slender; femora furrowed; hind tibiæ with four rather long approximate spurs. Wings elongate, moderately broad. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; costa quite straight; exterior border hardly convex, slightly oblique; 2nd superior vein forked near the base; no 3rd or 4th inferior veins.

This genus, perhaps, may not belong to the Lithosiidœ.

96. BLAVIA CALIGINOSA, n. s. Mas. Nigro-fusca, subtus cinereofusca, alis cinereis margine exteriore fusco.

Male. Blackish brown, cinereous brown beneath; wings cinereous, brown towards the exterior border. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 8 lines.

Gen. MANTALA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat gracile. Proboscis distincta. Palpi porrecti, obtusi, frontem perpaullo superantes, articulis indistinctis. Antennœ setaceæ, compressæ, subserratæ, setulosæ, basi robustæ. Abdomen alas posticas non superans, fasciculo apicali parvo. Pedes sat validi; tibiæ posticæ quadricalcaratæ. Alœ elongatæ; anticæ apice rotundatæ, areola discali fimbriata, costa vix convexa, margine exteriore sat obliquo.

Male. Body rather slender. Proboscis distinct. Palpi porrect, obtuse, extending very little beyond the front; joints indistinct. Antennæ setaceous, compressed, subserrate, setulose, stout towards the base. Tegulæ of the thorax furrowed. Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings; apical tuft small. Legs rather stout; hind tibiæ with four moderately long spurs. Wings elongate, moderately

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broad; fringe long. Fore wings rounded at the tips, thickly fringed or tufted about the discal areolet; costa hardly convex; exterior, border rather oblique; 3rd superior and 4th inferior veins forked.

97. MANTALA TINEOIDES, n. s. Mas. Pallide fulva, alis anticis litura costali nigra elongata discum versus diffusa, venis apud areolam discalem margineque interiore fimbriatis.

Male. Pale tawny. Fore wings with a black elongate costal mark, which extends diffusedly to the disk; the veins about the latter are furnished with a recumbent fringe, and the interior border is broadly fringed. Hind wings paler. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

Gen. TEULISNA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus crassum. Proboscis longiuscula. Palpi brevissimi. Antennœ subpubescentes. Abdomen alas posticas paullo superans, fasciculis lateralibus parvis, fasciculo apicali denso tumido. Pedes graciles; tibiæ posticæ quadricalcaratæ. Alœ anticæ apice rectangulatæ, costa recta, margine exteriore postico subconcavo, margine interiore extus excavato, angulo interiore producto subfalcato, areola discali subfasciculata.

Male. Body thick. Proboscis rather long. Palpi extremely short. Antennæ minutely pubescent. Abdomen extending a little beyond the hind wings, with minute tufts along each side, and with a thick tumid apical tuft. Legs slender; hind tibiæ with four moderately long spurs. Wings elongate, moderately broad. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; costa straight; exterior border slightly concave hindward; interior border excavated exteriorly; interior angle prominent, subfalcate; discal areolet slightly tufted above; four inferior veins distinct. Type T. plagiata.

98.TEULISNA PLAGIATA, n. s. Mas. Albida, testaceo subtincta, subtus fuscescens, thorace abdomineque apicem versus nigricantibus, alis fuscescente marginatis, anticis nigricante bifasciatis fascia 1a latissima 2a interrupta.

Male. Whitish, with a slight testaceous tinge, mostly brownish beneath. Thorax blackish except in front. Abdomen blackish towards the tip. Wings broadly brownish-bordered. Fore wings with two blackish bands, which do not extend to the costa; 1st band very broad, protuberant on the inner side; 2nd narrower, irregular, interrupted, not extending to the hind border. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

99. TEULISNA CHILOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Cervina, alis anticis apud marginem interiorem fuscis fascia exteriore fuscescente dentata angulo interiore late fimbriato, posticis testaceis fascia marginali latissima fuscescente.

Female. Fawn-colour. Antennæ slender, hardly pubescent. Abdomen

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not extending beyond the hind wings. Wings with a rather short fringe. Fore wings mostly brown along the interior border, with a less distinct brownish dentate exterior band; tips acutely rectangular, interior angle with a broad fringe less produced than in the preceding species. Hind wings testaceous, with a very broad brownish marginal band. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

Gen. TEGULATA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat robustum. Proboscis et palpi brevissimi. Antennœ subsetulosæ. Thorax tegulis longiusculis. Abdomen alas posticas paullo superans, fasciculo apicali parvo. Pedes subcompressi; tibiæ posticæ calcaribus quatuor breviusculis. Alœ elongatæ; anticæ costa basi excavata, apud medium dilatata.

Male. Body moderately stout. Proboscis and palpi very short. Antennæ very minutely setulose. Thorax with rather long tegulæ. Abdomen extending a little beyond the hind wings; apical tuft small. Legs bare, slightly compressed; hind tibiæ with four rather short spurs. Wings elongate, moderately broad. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; costa excavated towards the base, protuberant in the middle; exterior border hardly oblique, very slightly bent before the middle; four superior veins distinct, 2nd forked; two inferior veins; submedian vein well developed.

100. TEGULATA TUMIDA, n. s. Mas. Cervina, abdomine alisque posticis fuscescenti-cinereis, alis anticis apud marginem interiorem nigricantibus costa basali punctoque discali nigris.

Male. Fawn-colour; underside, abdomen, and hind wings brownish cinereous. Fore wings a little paler towards the base than elsewhere, blackish along the interior border, black along the excavated part of the costa; discal point black. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 12 lines.

Gen. CORCURA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis distincta. Palpi brevissimi. Antennœ setulosæ. Thoracis tegulæ longæ, sulcatæ. Abdomen breviusculum, fasciculo apicali maximo densissimo. Tibiœ posticæ calcaribus quatuor breviusculis. Alœ latiusculæ, vix elongatæ; anticæ apice subrotundatæ, costa basi subexcavata fimbriata, margine exteriore recto sat obliquo.

Male. Body robust. Proboscis distinct. Palpi extremely short. Antennœ distinctly setulose. Tegulæ of the thorax long, furrowed. Abdomen rather short, with an extremely large and thick apical tuft. Legs moderately stout; hind tibiæ with four rather short spurs. Wings rather broad, hardly elongate. Fore wings slightly rounded at the tips; costa slightly excavated, and with a recumbent thickly fringed border towards the base; exterior border straight, rather ob

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lique; discal areolet long, narrow, with a longitudinal crease; four superior veins; two inferior veins.

101. CORCURA TORTA, n. s. Mas. Ochraceo-cervina, abdomine lutescente fasciculo apicali nigricante, alis anticis costa basali albida nigro bimaculata, posticis pallide luteis.

Male. Ochraceous fawn-colour. Abdomen pale luteous; tuft blackish. Fore wings with the basal lappet whitish, containing an elongated black spot, and having another black spot at its tip; space along the exterior border slightly paler than the rest of the wing. Hind wings pale luteous. Length of the.body 5 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

Gen. LYCLENE, Moore.

Cyllene, Walk.

102. LYCLENE TRIFASCIA, n. s. Fœm. Albida, nitens, latiuscula, palpis brevissimis articulo 3° distincto, thorace fascia purpureo-fusca, abdomine alisque posticis subtestaceis, alis anticis apice subrotundatis gutta basali fasciisque tribus purpurascenti-fuscis.

Female. Whitish, shining, rather broad. Proboscis moderately long Palpi slender, porrect, not extending beyond the front; 3rd joint distinct. Thorax with a purplish-brown band. Abdomen and hind wings with a slight testaceous tinge. Fore wings slightly rounded at the tips, with three purplish-brown bands, and with a basal dot of the same hue; 2nd band nearly interrupted in the middle; 3rd marginal, interrupted near the tip; exterior border very oblique. Length of the 4 body 4 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

Allied to L. transversa in structure, but differing much from it in the bands of the fore wings.

103. LYCLENE BIZONOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Alba, sat lata, palpis subarcuatis frontem non superantibus, thorace fascia maculisque duabus ochraceis, alis anticis maculis tribus basalibus duabus discalibus quatuorque marginalibus lineisque tribus ochraceis, posticis subtus apice ochraceis.

Female. White, slightly shining, rather broad. Proboscis rather long. Palpi slender, slightly curved, not extending beyond the front. Thorax with an ochraceous band in front, and with an ochraceous spot on each shoulder. Fore wings hardly acute, with ochraceous marks; three basal spots; three irregular transverse lines, of which the first and the second are united in front; two elongated spots between the 2nd and 3rd lines, the hinder one connected with the 3rd line; four large marginal spots; fringe ochraceous; costa convex. Hind wings ochraceous at the tips beneath. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

104. LYCLENE DIFFUSA, n. s. Fœm. Alba, palpis porrectis caput non superantibus, tibiis posticis bicalcaratis, alis anticis fere omnino cer-

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vinis e maculis confluentibus fimbria cervino guttata, posticis cervino submarginatis.

Female. White. Proboscis slender. Palpi porrect, straight, not extending beyond the head. Antennæ rather stout. Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings. Legs rather stout; tibiæ with two fawn-coloured bands; hind tibiæ with two apical spurs. Fore wings somewhat rounded at the tips, with confluent fawn-coloured spots, which occupy nearly the whole surface, and extend to the costa and to the interior border, but not to the exterior border; costa slightly convex; exterior border convex, very oblique; fringe with fawn-coloured dots. Hind wings slightly bordered with fawn-colour. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

105. LYCLENE IMPOSITA, n. s. Mas. Alba, robusta, subtus lutescens, capite fascia viridi-nigra, thorace fasciis tribus nigro-viridibus, abdomine lutescente vittis tribus guttularibus nigricantibus, alis anticis lituris basalibus nigro-viridibus fasciis duabus fuscis 2a latissima albo interfasciata, posticis lutescentibus.

Male. White, stout, pale luteous beneath. Head testaceous, with a greenish-black band between the serrated and ciliated antennæ. Thorax with three macular greenish-black bands. Abdomen pale luteous, with three rows of blackish dots. Fore wings somewhat rounded at the tips, with two basal greenish-black marks (one on the costa), and with two brown bands; 1st band interior, much attenuated in front, dilated on the costa; 2nd extending to the exterior border, occupying much more than one-third of the surface of the wing, and including a diffuse and irregular white band; costa straight; exterior border rather oblique; fringe black-speckled. Hind wings pale luteous. Length of the body 4½ lines; of the wings 12 lines.

This may prove to be the male of L. trifascia.

106. LYCLENE SEQUENS, n. s. Mas. Alba, robusta, palpis porrectis caput non superantibus, capite thoraceque ochraceo notatis, abdomine apicem versus fusco, tibiarum posticarum calcaribus parvis approximatis, alis anticis lineis duabus transversis diffusis ochraceis.

Male. White, stout. Proboscis moderately long. Palpi porrect, not extending beyond the head. Antennæ setulose. Head and thorax with dull ochraceous marks. Abdomen extending a little beyond the hind wings, brown towards the tip, which is quadrate and thickly tufted. Hind tibiæ with four short and approximate spurs. Fore wings acute, with diffuse and irregular dull ochraceous transverse lines; these are partly macular; costa convex, slightly reflexed in the middle; exterior border very slightly oblique. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 7 lines.

This species much resembles L. bizonoides, but the markings are rather different.

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107. LYCLENE CUNEIFERA, n. s. Mas. Pallide lutea, crassa, palpis brevissimis, thorace guttis quatuor nigricantibus, abdominis dimidio apicali nigro-fusco, alis anticis guttis basalibus linea 1a undulata antice furcata linea 2a valde serpentina guttisque submarginalibus fuscis.

Male. Pale luteous, very robust. Palpi extremely short. Antennæ setulose, rather short. Thorax with two blackish dots on each side. Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings; apical half blackish brown; tip quadrate, tufted. Legs hardly stout; hind tibiæ very slightly curved, with four moderately long spurs. Fore wings with brown markings; two basal points; interior line deeply undulating, forked in front, with two subcostal streaks near its outer branch; exterior line very oblique, most deeply winding; a row of submarginal dots, of which the hindward are elongated; costa convex, slightly reflexed in the middle; exterior border convex, rather oblique. Hind wings much paler. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

This species and the following one are nearly allied to L. undulosa.

108. LYCLENE CUNEIGERA, n. s. Mas. Pallide lutea, robusta, palpis caput vix superantibus articulo 3° minimo, abdomine fascia latissima nigro-fusca, alis anticis guttis basalibus lineis tribus variis lineaque submarginali valde serpentina nigricantibus, posticis fuscescenti-cinereis.

Male. Pale luteous, robust. Palpi extending very little beyond the head; 3rd joint extremely minute. Antennæ setulose. Thorax with a black point on each shoulder. Abdomen extending a little beyond the hind wings, blackish brown except towards the base and at the tip, which is quadrate and furnished with two large valves. Fore wings with blackish markings; seven dots near the base; two oblique lines before the middle; the 1st macular, abruptly retracted towards the costa; the 2nd emitting a subcostal streak by which it is connected with the exterior line, the latter resembling the line of the preceding species, except that its windings are less equal in length; submarginal dots like those of the preceding species; fringe brownish costa hardly convex; tip rounded. Hind wings brownish cinereous. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 8 lines.

109. LYCLENE DISTRIBUTA, n. s. Mas. Luteo-flava, sat robusta, palpis porrectis caput vix superantibus, abdominis fasciculo apicali sat magno, alis anticis strigis basalibus lineis duabus parallelis a striga connexis antice furcatis strigisque quinque marginalibus fuscis, posticis fascia submarginali fusca.

Male. Luteous yellow, moderately stout. Palpi porrect, slender, hardly extending beyond the head. Antennæ very minutely setulose. Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings; apical tuft rather large. Fore wings with brown markings; four small basal streaks; two broad parallel lines, which are forked in front, and are united by an oblique hinder line, the outer one emitting five streaks to the exterior

LINN. PROC. — ZOOLOGY, VOL. VI. 8

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border, which is very oblique; costa slightly convex. Hind wings paler, with a brown submarginal band. Length of the body 2½ lines; of the wings 7 lines.

110. LYCLENE VAGILINEA, n. s. Mas. Alba, capite thoraceque nigro guttatis, palpis porrectis, alis anticis lineis tribus strigis duabus basalibus una discali quatuorque submarginalibus nigro-fuscis.

Male. Pure white. Head with a blackish point on the vertex, and another on the front. Palpi porrect, not extending beyond the head. Antennæ very minutely setulose. Thorax with two black dots on each side. Abdomen extending very little beyond the hind wings, quadrate and tufted at the tip. Tarsi with black tips; fore tibiæ with a black band; hind tibiæ with four short spurs. Fore wings with blackish-brown markings, slightly acute; two basal, one discal, and four submarginal streaks; interior line curved outward; middle line undulating, connected in the disk with the interior line; exterior line much more deeply bent, connected with the middle line on the costa and approaching it in the hinder curve; costa hardly convex; exterior border very oblique. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 8 lines.

111. LYCLENE TURBIDA, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-cervina, crassa, palpis porrectis gracillimis, abdomine conico, alis anticis fuscescente conspersis apice subrotundatis, posticis cinerascentibus.

Male. Cinereous fawn-colour, robust. Head and thorax broad. Palpi porrect, very slender, not extending beyond the head. Antennæ minutely setulose. Abdomen conical, extending a little beyond the hind wings; apical tuft small. Legs bare; hind tibiæ with four long spurs. Four wings thickly but minutely and indistinctly brownish-speckled; costa hardly convex; tips slightly rounded; exterior border straight, moderately oblique. Hind wings more cinereous. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 7 lines.

112. LYCLENE CRASSA, n. s. Mas. Cervina, crassa, palpis porrectis lanceolatis, abdomine conico, alis breviusculis latis, anticis fusco bifasciatis, posticis subcinerascentibus.

Male. Fawn-colour, robust. Head and thorax very broad. Palpi porrect, lanceolate, hardly extending beyond the head. Antennæ very minutely setulose. Abdomen conical, extending a little beyond the hind wings; apical tuft small. Hind tibiæ with four long spurs. Wings short and broad. Fore wings slightly rounded at the tips, with two indistinct diffuse brown bands, one near the base, the other exterior, more oblique; costa convex; exterior border slightly oblique. Hind wings a little paler and with a cinereous tinge. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 8 lines.

113. LYCLENE STRIGICOSTA, n. s. Mas. Pallide cervina, sat gracilis, palpis porrectis linearibus articulo 3° obtuso minimo, tibiarum posti-

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carum calcaribus quatuor longissimis, alis anticis puncto basali lituris quatuor costalibus gutta discali strigaque marginali nigris.

Male. Pale fawn-colour, rather slender. Abdomen, hind wings, and middle part of fore wings more cinereous. Palpi porrect, linear, extending a little beyond the head; 3rd joint obtuse, very minute. Antennæ short, stout, setulose. Abdomen extending very little beyond the hind wings; apical tuft very small. Hind tibiæ with four very long spurs. Wings moderately broad. Fore wings acute, with a black basal point, and with four black shaded costal marks, of which the third emits an oblique streak to the irregular black discal dot; costa slightly convex; a short black streak on the very oblique exterior border; fringe with a black line which is interrupted opposite each vein. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 8 lines.

114. LYCLENE TINEOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Cinereo-fusca, robusta, capite thoraceque antico pallide testaceis, palpis lanceolatis subascendentibus, antennis breviusculis, alis anticis angustis rotundatis guttis duabus discalibus nigris strigis apicalibus testaceis.

Female. Cinereous brown, stout. Head and fore part of the thorax dull pale testaceous. Palpi lanceolate, slightly ascending, extending very little beyond the head; 3rd joint elongate. Antennæ rather short. Abdomen extending a little beyond the hind wings. Hind tibiæ with four long spurs. Wings elongate, rather narrow. Fore wings rounded at the tips, with testaceous irregular apical streaks; two black points in a line on the disk, one at one-fourth of the length, the other beyond the middle; costa hardly convex; exterior border very oblique. Hind wings and abdomen brownish cinereous. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 9 lines.

This species, like some others included under Lyclene, differs much from the typical structure of that genus; but the separation of it under another generic name may be deferred until some new cognate species are discovered.

115. LYCLENE BIPUNCTATA, n. s. Mas. Cinerea, crassa, capite fascia cyaneo-nigra, palpis lanceolatis oblique ascendentibus, thorace guttis decem cyaneo-nigris, abdomine e guttis fuscescentibus bivittato, alis anticis guttis basalibus cyaneo-nigris, litura costali lineisque duabus obliquis subparallelis purpureo-fuscis, posticis pallide flavis.

Male. Cinereous, very stout; nearly allied to L. imposita. Head and thorax very broad, the former bluish black between the antennæ. Palpi straight, lanceolate, obliquely ascending, not near extending to the front; 3rd joint not more than one-fourth of the length of the 2nd. Antennæ setulose. Thorax with ten bluish-black dots. Abdomen pale yellow, tapering, hardly extending beyond the hind wings, with two rows of brownish dots; apical tuft small. Legs stout; hind tibiæ with four moderately long spurs; fore femora and fore tibiæ mostly black above; middle tibiæ black towards the tips. Fore wings rounded

8*

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at the tips, thickly blackish-speckled, with bluish-black basal dots, with a purplish-brown basal costal mark, and with two oblique nearly parallel lines of the same hue; these are diffuse on the outer side, and the 2nd is bent hindward; submarginal line and marks on the fringe also purplish brown, the former interrupted and distorted; costa and exterior border straight, the latter rather oblique. Hind wings pale yellow. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

116. LYCLENE VAGIGUTTA, n. s. Mas. Pallide testacea, lata, palpis nigris lanceolatis minimis, tibiarum posticarum calcaribus quatuor longissimis, alis anticis apice subrotundatis fasciis quatuor guttularibus nigris.

Male. Pale dull testaceous, broad, robust. Palpi black, lanceolate, porrect, very small, not extending beyond the head. Antennæ minutely setulose. Abdomen extending beyond the hind wings; apical tuft small, smooth. Legs stout; hind tibiæ with four very long spurs. Wings moderately broad. Fore wings somewhat rounded at the tips, with twelve irregular black dots, which form four bands; costa very slightly convex; exterior border slightly convex and oblique. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 8 lines.

117. LYCLENE ATRIGUTTA, n. s. Fœm. Subcervino-alba, palpis latis subarcuatis articulo 3° subobsoleto, alis elongatis non latis subtus cinereis, alis anticis apice rotundatis atro duodecimguttatis.

Female. White, moderately stout, with a very pale fawn-coloured tinge. Front rather prominent. Palpi broad, linear, very slightly curved, extending beyond the head; 3rd joint almost obsolete. Abdomen extending a little beyond the hind wings. Legs slender; hind tibiæ with four long spurs. Wings elongate, not broad, cinereous beneath. Fore wings rounded at the tips, white about the deep-black dots, and with an irregular angular transverse white line; six dots on the costa, three on the exterior border, and three on the disk, two of these on the line; costa straight; exterior border very oblique. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 9 lines.

Gen. CHUNDANA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat gracile. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi brevissimi, gracillimi. Antennæ breves, glabræ, robustæ, subcompressæ. Abdomen valvulis apicalibus longiusculis. Pedes graciles; tibiæ posticæ sat validæ, calcaribus quatuor longissimis. Alæ anticæ apice rectangulatæ, margine exteriore postico obliquo; posticæ margine exteriore subexcavato.

Male. Body rather slender. Proboscis obsolete. Palpi extremely short and slender, not extending in front of the head. Antennæ short, stout, smooth, slightly compressed. Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings, furnished with two smoothly pilose rather long apical valves. Legs slender; hind tibiæ rather stout, with four very long

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spurs. Wings moderately broad. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; costa straight; exterior border oblique hindward; 2nd inferior vein near the 1st, very remote from the 3rd. Hind wings with the exterior border very slightly excavated in the middle.

118. CHUNDANA LUGUBRIS, n. s. Mas. Cinerea, vertice albido, fronte fusca, alis anticis linea interiore guttulari guttaque submarginali nigricantibus, anticis lituris costalibus et fimbrialibus nigricantibus plaga basali vesiculari subhyalina.

Male. Cinereous, with a brownish tinge beneath. Vertex whitish; front dark brown, very oblique. Wings with an interior transverse line of blackish dots, and with a larger blackish dot near the middle of the exterior border. Fore wings with some blackish marks along the costa and on the fringe; a vesicular nearly hyaline space near the base, traversed by the 4th inferior vein. Length of the body 2½ lines; of the wings 7 lines.

Gen. LIGIDIA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat robustum. Proboscis brevissima. Palpi porrecti, caput superantes; articulus 2us latus, linearis, obtusus; 3us minimus. Antennæ breviusculæ, subpubescentes. Abdomen fasciculo apicali compresso minimo. Pedes graciles; tibiæ posticæ calcaribus quatuor longissimis. Alæ anticæ apice rectangulatæ, costa recta, margine exteriore convexo.

Male. Body moderately stout. Front prominent. Proboscis very short. Palpi porrect, extending somewhat beyond the head; 2nd joint broad linear, obtuse at the tip; 3rd extremely minute. Antennæ rather short, minutely pubescent. Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings; apical tuft compressed, very small. Legs slender; hind tibiæ with four very long spurs. Wings moderately broad. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; costa straight; exterior border convex, moderately oblique.

This genus perhaps does not belong to the Lithosiidæ; it has some resemblance to the Crambidæ.

119. LIGIDIA DECISISSIMA, n.s. Mas. Lateritia, abdomine alisque posticis rufescenti-cinereis, alis punctis marginalibus nigris, anticis lituris costalibus lituraque una fimbriali nigris.

Male. Brick-red. Abdomen and hind wings cinereous, with a slight reddish tinge. Wings with minute black marginal points. Fore wings with some black marks on the exterior part of the costa, and with one black mark on the middle of the fringe. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 7 lines.

Gen. PISARA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum, squamosum. Proboscis brevissima. Palpi angulati, caput sat superantes; articulus 2us porrectus, latissimus,

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pilosus; 3us gracilis, linearis, brevissimus. Antennæ subsetulosæ, scapo crasso. Abdomen fasciculo apicali parvo. Pedes robusti; tibiæ posticæ calcaribus quatuor longis. Alæ anticæ squamosæ, scabræ, apice sub-rotundatæ.

Male. Body stout, squamous. Proboscis very short. Palpi extending rather far beyond the head; 2nd joint porrect, pilose, very broad; 3rd decumbent, linear, slender, not more than one-fourth of the length of the 2nd, with which it forms an angle. Antennæ minutely setulose; basal joint very stout. Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings; apical tuft small. Legs stout; hind tibiæ with four long spurs. Wings squamous, moderately broad. Fore wings slightly rounded at the tips, with some elevated scales on the disk; costa slightly convex; exterior border nearly straight, rather oblique.

120. PISARA OPALINA, n. s. Mas. Cinerea, opalina, thorace antico fuscescente, alis basi fuscescentibus squamoso-scabris nigricante lineatis linea 1a subarcuata 2a punctulari 3a subundulata linea submarginali fusca recta.

Male. Cinereous, shining, with pearly reflections. Head white above. Thorax brownish in front. Wings with the fringe long and full. Fore wings partly and diffusedly brownish near the base; lines blackish; interior line slightly curved outward, rather diffuse; exterior line also curved, composed of black points; 3rd line slightly undulating; submarginal line brown, straight, very near the border; a scabrous line from the base nearly to the middle, formed by three clusters of elevated scales. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 9 lines.

121. PISARA? ACONTIOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Alba, abdomine conico, alis anticis dimidio basali antico cinereo-fusco squamis chalybeis linea exteriore subundulata e guttis tumidis chalybeis spatio marginali cinereo-fusco, posticis subcinereis.

Female. White. Head wanting. Abdomen conical. Fore wings with the fore half from the base to half the length cinereous brown, adorned with chalybeous spangles; an exterior slightly undulating line composed of chalybeous tumid dots; marginal space cinereous brown. Hind wings slightly cinereous. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 8 lines.

Gen. ETANNA, n. g.

Fœm. Corpus robustum. Proboscis distincta. Palpi validi, oblique ascendentes, caput sat superantes; articulus 3us linearis, 2° vix brevior. Antennæ robustæ. Abdomen alas posticas non superans. Pedes validi; tibiæ posticæ quadricalcaratæ. Alæ non longæ; apice subquadratæ, costa vix convexa, margine exteriorevix obliquo.

Female. Body stout. Proboscis distinct. Palpi stout, obliquely ascending, extending rather far beyond the head; 3rd joint linear, rounded at the tip, nearly as long and as broad as the 2nd. Antennæ stout.

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Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings. Legs stout; middle tibiæ with two spurs, one of them more than twice the length of the other; hind tibiæ with four long spurs. Wings moderately broad, not long. Fore wings subquadrate at the tips; costa hardly convex; exterior border hardly oblique; 3rd inferior vein a little nearer to the 2nd than to the 4th. Type E. basalis.

This genus has some resemblance to the Tortricites.

122. ETANNA BASALIS, n. s. Fœm. Albida, viridi tincta, abdomine alisque posticis cinereo-albidis, alis anticis dimidio apicali albo plaga basali nigro-fusca spatio apicali viridescente nebulas fuscas strigamque rufescentem latam diffusam lineasque duas transversas albidas nigro marginatas includente.

Female. Whitish, tinged with green. Abdomen and hind wings cinereous whitish. Fore wings white for half the length from the base, near which there is a blackish-brown patch; apical half greenish, partly clouded with brown, containing a broad diffuse reddish streak, and traversed by two whitish black-bordered lines; 1st line much and irregularly curved outward; 2nd zigzag, less distinct, abbreviated at each end. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 8 lines.

123. ETANNA ERASTIOIDES, n. s. Fœm. Cinerea, palporum articulo 3° lanceolato, alis anticis basi plagaque costali media cervinis spatio marginali fuscescenti-cinereo lineis interiore et exteriore nigris angulosis spatio adhuc exteriore albido punctis marginalibus nigris posticis fuscescenti-einereis.

Female. Cinereous. Palpi stout, obliquely ascending; 3rd joint lanceolate, much shorter than the 2nd. Wings with the fringe long and full. Fore wings fawn-colour at the base, and with a fawn-coloured patch on the middle of the costa; space along the exterior border brownish cinereous, this hue much attenuated hindward; interior and exterior lines black, slender, the latter much more zigzag than the former, and adjoining a more exterior whitish space; marginal points black, minute. Hind wings brownish cinereous, without markings. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 7 lines.

124. ETANNA FLORIDA, n. s. Fœm. Cinerea, alis anticis basi cervinis fasciaque media informi; interrupta spatio marginali fuscescenti-cinereo; lineis interiore et exteriore deviis denticulatis punctisque marginalibus nigris; margine exteriore postico obliquo; alis posticis lituris nullis.

Female. Cinereous, robust. Palpi stout, obliquely ascending; 3rd joint linear, rounded at the tip, much shorter than the 2nd. Fore wings fawn-coloured at the base, and with an interrupted irregular fawn-coloured middle band; space along the exterior border diffusedly brownish cinereous; interior and exterior lines black, slight, irregular, denticulated; marginal points black; tips rectangular; hind part of the exterior border oblique. Hind wings without markings. Length of the body 4½ lines; of the wings 11 lines.

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Gen. BIZONE, Walk.

125. Bizone perornata, Walk. Cat. Lep. 1st ser. 548.

Inhabits also Hindostan and Java.

126. BIZONE DETERMINATA, n. s. Fœm. Alba, thorace fasciis rufescenti-ochraceis, alis elongatis non latis rufescenti-ochraceo quadrifasciatis fasciis 2a et 3a concisis rectis nigro marginatis guttis duabus discalibus nigris, posticis rufescente subtinctis.

Female. White. Thorax with reddish-ochraceous bands. Wings elongate rather narrow. Fore wings with four reddish-ochraceous bands; 1st band very near the base; 2nd and 3rd concise, straight, upright, broadly bordered with black, the 2nd on the inner side, the 3rd on the outer side; 4th marginal; two black dots in a longitudinal line between the 2nd and 3rd bands. Hind wings with a slight reddish tinge, except near the base and along the interior border. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

Nearest to B. hamata.

127. BIZONE PUDENS, n.s. Mas. Alba, thorace fasciis tribus miniatis, alis anticis miniato quadrifasciatis fasciis 2a furcata 3a que connexis striga discali furcata subobliqua, posticis roseo subtinctis.

Male. White. Thorax with three red-lead bands. Fore wings with four slender red-lead bands; 1st band near the base, curved inward; 2nd nearly straight; 3rd forked in front, the outer fork connected with the 4th, which is marginal and is dentate on the inner side; a furcate slightly oblique discal streak, in front of which the wing is slightly tumid. Hind wings with a slight rosy tinge, which is most prevalent along the exterior border. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 8 lines.

128. BIZONE INCONCLUSA, n. s. Mas. Alba, thorace fasciis tribus tegulisque ochraceis, alis anticis ochraceo quadrifasciatis fascia 2? strigam emittente gutta punctoque discalibus nigris fimbria costali reflexa ochraceo notata, posticis flavescente subtinctis.

Male. White. Palpi and antennæ ochraceous. Thorax with three ochraceous bands; tegulæ ochraceous. Abdomen with a slight testaceous tinge. Legs with ochraceous bands. Fore wings with four ochraceous bands; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd angular; 4th marginal, paler; a black dot between the 2nd and 3rd bands, contiguous to a streak which is emitted by the 2nd band; an indistinct black point behind the black dot; a recumbent costal fringe between the 2nd and 3rd bands, marked with ochraceous. Hind wings with a very slight yellowish tinge. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

129. BIZONE CONCLUSA, n. s. Mas. Alba, thorace fasciis tribus tegulisque ochraceis, alis anticis ochraceo quadrifasciatis fascia 2a strigam emittente 3a subundulata fimbria costali reflexa ochraceo binotata, posticis subflavescentibus.

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Male. White. Palpi and antennæ ochraceous. Thorax with three ochraceous bands; tegulæ ochraceous. Abdomen whitish, testaceous towards the tip, which has a large tuft. Legs with ochraceous bands. Fore wings with four ochraceous bands; 1st near the base, rather irregular; 2nd broader, emitting a broad streak to two black dots, one of which is behind the other; 3rd band slightly undulating; costa with a recumbent fringe, which extends from the 2nd to beyond the 3rd band, and is marked with ochraceous opposite these bands. Hind wings tinged with pale yellow; interior border thickly and deeply fringed. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

This species may be distinguished from the preceding one by its stouter form, the broader and differently formed bands of the fore wings, by the difference in the discal dots, and by the longer costal fringe.

130. BIZONE COSTIFIMBRIA, n.s. Mas. Alba, thorace fasciis tribus tegulisque ochraceis, alis anticis ochraceo quadrifasciatis fascia 1a strigam emittente 2a divisa 3a abbreviata nigro marginata fimbria costali reflexa longa ochracea albo binotata, posticis ochraceo subtinctis.

Male. White. Palpi and antennæ ochraceous. Thorax with three ochraceous bands; tegulæ ochraceous. Abdomen ochraceous at the tip. Legs with ochraceous bands. Fore wings with four ochraceous bands; 1st band near the base, emitting a streak to the 2nd, which consists of two parts; 1st part forming a widened continuation of the streak; 2nd part clothed with long hairs, extending obliquely to the costal fringe; 3rd band broad, abbreviated in front, blackish-bordered on the outer side; 4th broad, marginal; recumbent costal fringe ochraceous, extending from the 1st to the 4th, with two white bands, of which the 2nd is abbreviated hindward. Hind wings slightly tinged with ochraceous, which hue is most prevalent towards the tips. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

This differs more from the two preceding species than the latter do from each other; but the three form a distinct group in the genus.

Gen. CHAMAITA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat gracile, sparse pilosum. Proboscis gracilis, longiuscula. Palpi non conspicui. Antennæ subsetulosæ, gracillimæ; articulus basalis robustus, longissimus. Tibiæ posticæ calcaribus quatuor brevissimis. Alæ oblongæ, subnudæ, subhyalinæ, apice rotundatæ; anticæ costa convexa.

Male. Body moderately slender, very thinly clothed. Proboscis slender, rather long. Palpi obsolete, or nearly so. Antennæ very minutely setulose, very slender, excepting the basal joint, which is stout and very long. Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings. Legs moderately stout; hind tibiæ with four very short spurs. Wings oblong, almost bare and hyaline, rounded at the tips. Fore wings convex along the costa; exterior border slightly convex, rather

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oblique; 4th superior vein very far from the others, which are approximate; 3rd inferior vein about twice as far from the 4th as from the 2nd; 2nd a little nearer to the 1st than to the 3rd. Hind wings with one superior vein.

This genus has a very peculiar structure; it has some resemblance to Nudaria, but its affinities are uncertain, Type C. trichopteroides.

131. CHAMAITA TRICHOPTEROIDES, n. s. Mas. Cinerea, antennis albidis, alis fere hyalinis vix pubescentibus.

Male. Cinereous. Antennæ whitish. Wings nearly hyaline, with thin and very short pubescence; veins pale. Fore wings with the costa pubescent. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

132. CHAMAITA CRASSICORNIS, n. s. Mas. Alba, palpis porrectis brevissimis, antennis robustis subsetulosis basi crassis, alis fere hyalinis vix pubescentibus.

Male. White. Palpi porrect, very short. Antennæ stout, minutely setulose; basal joint thick, rather long. Abdomen with two long apical valves. Legs stout; hind tibiæ with four rather short spurs. Wings nearly bare and hyaline; veins white. Length of the body 2½ lines; of the wings 7 lines.

Fam. ARCTIDÆ, Leach.

Gen. ARCTIA, Schranck.

133. Arctia strigatula, Walk. Cat. Lep. 1st ser, 613.

Gen. AREAS, Walk.

134. Areas orientalis, Walk. Cat. Lep. 1st ser. 658.

Inhabits also Hindostan and Java.

Gen. NUMENES, Walk.

This genus has perhaps more affinities with the Drepanulidœ and with the Bombycidœ than with the Arctiidœ, but hardly accords with any of the families of the Bombycites.

135. NUMENES CONTRAHENS, n. s. Mas. Testacea, capite thorace pedibusque anterioribus fuscis, alis anticis vitta postica fasciisque duabus fuscis, posticis luteis fascia marginali fusca.

Male. Testaceous, Head, thorax, and anterior legs brown, hirsute. Proboscis obsolete. Palpi porrect, stout, short, pilose. Antennæ short, very deeply pectinated. Abdomen, hind legs, and hind wings pale luteous. Wings ample. Fore wings slightly acuminated, with a brown stripe along the interior border, and with two brown parallel and nearly upright bands; 2nd band irregularly double except in front. Hind wings with a brown marginal band, which is irregularly excavated in front. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

This is quite distinct from the typical species, N. Siletti, which it much resembles in colouring and in markings.

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Gen. SCARPONA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi porrecti, breves, validi, obtusi, Antennœ latissime pectinatæ. Abdomen sat depressum, alas posticas non superans, fasciculo apicali nullo. Pedes validi, breviusculi; tibiæ posticæ quadricalcaratæ. Alœ latæ, elongatæ; anticæ subfalcatæ, margine exteriore subangulato; posticæ margine exteriore postico subexcavato.

Male. Body stout. Proboscis obsolete. Palpi porrect, short, stout, obtuse; 3rd joint small. Antennæ very broadly pectinated. Abdomen rather broad and flat, not extending beyond the hind wings; no apical tuft. Legs stout, rather short; hind tibiæ with four stout moderately long spurs. Wings broad, elongate. Fore wings subfalcate; costa almost straight; exterior border slightly angular in the middle; 3rd inferior vein more than twice as far from the 4th as from the 2nd. Hind wings with the exterior border slightly excavated hindward.

This genus is nearly allied to the preceding one, and also has some resemblance to the Drepanulidœ.

136. SCARPONA ENNOMOIDES, n.s. Mas. Sulphurea, alis anticis fimbria fusca macula marginali cervina, posticis fimbria apud angulum interiorem fusca.

Male. Sulphur-yellow. Fore wings with a brown fringe, and with a fawn-coloured marginal spot in front of the angle of the exterior border. Hind wings with the fringe brown towards the interior angle. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

Gen. SPILOSOMA, Steph.

137. Spilosoma transiens, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. 1st ser. 675.

Inhabits also Hindostan and Celebes.

Gen. CERASANA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum, dense vestitum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi porrecti, breves, robusti, pilosi. Antennœ pectinatæ, longiusculæ. Abdomen cylindricum, lanuginosum, alas posticas paullo superans. Pedes breves, pilosi. Alœ elongatæ, spissæ; anticæ apice obtusæ, margine exteriore subflexo.

Male. Body thick, densely clothed. Proboscis obsolete. Palpi porrect, short, stout, pilose, Antennæ rather long, moderately pectinated. Abdomen cylindrical, lanuginous, extending a little beyond the hind wings. Legs short, pilose. Wings elongate, thick. Fore wings somewhat obtuse at the tips; costa hardly convex; exterior border slightly bent in the middle, very oblique hindward; veins in structure much like those of Spilosoma.

138. CERASANA ANCEPS, n.s. Mas. Pallidissime carvina, capite

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macula guttisque duabus nigris, thorace maculis tribus anticis nigris, abdomine e maculis nigris bivittato, alis sublineatis, anticis basi nigro guttatis.

Male. Very pale fawn-colour. Head with a black spot above, and with a black dot at the base of each antenna. Palpi black at the base. Thorax with three black dots in front. Abdomen with two rows of black spots, luteous and densely ferruginous towards the tip. Wings with several pale indistinct oblique undulating lines. Fore wings with some black dots at the base and along the basal half of the costa; exterior border with some brownish dots. Length of the body 10 lines; of the wings 26 lines.

Gen. SALIOCLETA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis obsolete. Palpi porrecti, breves, graciles, caput non superantes. Antennœ glabræ, longiusculæ, sat graciles. Abdomen conicum, alas posticas paullo superans, apicem versus subcompressum. Pedes breves, pilosi; tibiæ posticæ quadricalcaratæ. Alœ longæ; anticæ acutæ.

Male. Body thick. Proboscis obsolete. Palpi porrect, short, slender, not extending beyond the head; 3rd joint very minute. Antennæ smooth, rather long and slender. Abdomen conical, extending a little beyond the hind wings, slightly compressed towards the tip, which is subquadrate. Legs short, moderately stout; femora and tibiæ clothed with long hairs; hind tibiæ with four stout approximate moderately long spurs. Wings long, moderately broad. Fore wings acute; costa and exterior border straight, the latter extremely oblique; veins in structure much like those of Spilosoma. Hind wings with the exterior border convex.

Allied to Zana.

139. SALIOCLETA NONAGRIOIDES, n.s. Mas. Pallide lignicolor, alis anticis strigis diffusis pallide rufescentibus, posticis pallide rufescentibus.

Male. Pale wood-colour. Fore wings diffusedly streaked with pale dull reddish. Hind wings pale reddish, except along the costa. Length of the body 11 lines; of the wings 26 lines.

Fam. LIPARIDÆ, Steph.

Gen. ORGYIA, Ochs.

140. ORGYIA NIGROCROCEA, n. s. Mas. Ochracea, abdomine alisque posticis nigro-fuscis, alis anticis fascia latissima nigro-fusca antice abbreviata.

Male. Ochraceous, Abdomen and hind wings blackish brown. Fore wings with a very broad minutely speckled blackish-brown band, which extends to the exterior border hindward, and is diffuse and abbre-

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viated towards the costa; under side blackish brown, with the exception of the costa and the tips. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 11 lines.

141. ORGYIA NEBULOSA, n.s. Mas. Ferrugineo-fusca, alis anticis fusco obscuriore nebulosis lineis tribus dentatis nigris 2a intus albido marginata linea 4a submarginali e lunulis nigricantibus.

Male. Ferruginous brown, cinereous brown beneath. Palpi porrect, pilose, obtuse. Antennæ with very long pubescent branches. Fore wings clouded with darker brown on the disk; interior, middle, and exterior lines blackish dentate; the 2nd whitish-bordered on the inner side; submarginal line composed of blackish lunules. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 10 lines,

142. ORGYIA OSSEATA, n. s. Mas. Fusca, alis anticis purpurascente tinctis lineis tribus nigricantibus deviis cinereo marginatis linea 4a submarginali e lunulis nigricantibus litura discali obliqua fusco strigata venisque subcostalibus albido-cinereis.

Male. Brown. Palpi broad, pilose, obtuse. Antennæ with very long pubescent branches. Fore wings purplish-tinged, with three blackish irregular cinereous-bordered lines; 4th or submarginal line more distinct, composed of blackish lunules; veins towards the costa whitish cinereous; a large oblique discal mark of the same hue including two interrupted black and brown streaks; a white streak by the interior angle. Length of the body 4½ lines; of the wings 11 lines.

143. ORGYIA DIMIDIATA, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-fusca, alis anticis lineis transversis obscurioribus undulatis indistinctis basi dimidioque costali ochraceis.

Male. Cinereous brown. Palpi porrect, obtuse. Antennæ with very long pubescent branches. Fore wings with indistinct darker undulating transverse lines; base and costal half ochraceous; outline of the latter hue jagged. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 9 lines.

144. ORGYIA VARIA, n. s. Mas. Ferrugineo-fusca, alis anticis nigro subconspersis lineis duabus albidis undulatis striga apicali lutescente striga marginali alba, posticis cinereo-fuscis luteo marginatis.

Male. Ferruginous brown. Palpi porrect, rather slender, extending somewhat beyond the head. Antennæ short, with very long pubescent branches. Fore wings thinly black-speckled, with two whitish lines, of which the 2nd is much more undulating than the 1st; a pale luteous apical streak, behind which there is a small elongated white mark. Hind wings cinereous brown, with a broad pale luteous marginal band. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

Gen. ARTAXA, Walk.

145. ARTAXA SIGNIPLAGA, n. s. Mas. Pallide lutea, thorace postico

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abdomineque basi fuscescentibus, alis anticis fuscis costa lutescente macula atra apud angulum interiorem, posticis albidis.

Male. Pale luteous. Antennæ very broadly pectinated. Thorax brownish hindward. Abdomen hoary, brownish at the base. Fore wings brown, with the exception of the costa, for almost one-third of the length from the base, and with a deep-black large round spot by the interior angle. Hind wings whitish. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 10 lines.

146. ARTAXA METALEUCA, n. s. Mas. Pallidissime cervina, alis anticis gutta subapicali nigricante linea submarginali e punctis nigricantibus vitta postica lata alba.

Male. Very pale fawn-colour. Head and palpi white; the latter porrect, with rounded tips; 3rd joint extremely minute. Fore wings with a blackish dot near the tip of the costa, and with some slight indications of a submarginal blackish line; a broad white stripe along the interior border. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

147. ARTAXA ? RUPTATA, n. s. Mas. Pallide flavescens, alis anticis fusco conspersis, linea exteriore bis interrupta e atomis fuscis disco subtus fusco.

Male. Pale yellowish. Palpi decumbent, rather slender. Antennæ broadly pectinated. Fore wings thinly brown-speckled; some of the speckles confluent, and forming an exterior line, which is widely interrupted in two parts, and is dilated and most apparent on the costa; underside brown, with the exception of the exterior and interior borders. Hind wings slightly paler. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 8 lines.

This and the preceding apecies differ somewhat in the structure of the palpi from the typical form of Artaxa.

Gen. LACIDA, Walk.

148. LACIDA COSTIPLAGA, n. s. Mas. Fusca, thoracis lateribus nigricantibus, abdomine cristis nigris, alis anticis plaga strigaque exteriore costalibus nigricantibus lineis exterioribus quatuor angulosis nigris fimbria nigricante notata.

Male. Brown. Palpi blackish, extremely broad, densely pilose. Antennæ with very long pubescent branches. Thorax blackish on each side. Abdomen with black crests. Fore wings with a blackish patch, which extends along the costa from the base to a little beyond half the length; a blackish costal streak nearer the tip; four irregular exterior lines composed of black cuneiform marks; the 4th submarginal, more regular than the others; fringe with blackish marks. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

149. LACIDA STRIGIFIMBRIA, n. s. Mas. Fusca, abdomine alisque pallide cinereis, alis anticis nigro conspersis fusco bifasciatis nigroque subtrifasciatis fimbria lituris subquadratis fuscis.

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Male. Brown. Antennæ with long pubescent branches. Abdomen, hind wings, and underside pale cinereous. Fore wings black-speckled, with some black marks which form three very irregular and incomplete bands; an irregular interior band and a broad marginal space pale cinereous; fringe with brown subquadrate marks. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 10 lines.

Gen. MELIA, Walk.

150. MELIA CUNEIFERA, n. s. Mas. Schistaceo-cinerea, capite thoraceque antico ferrugineis, alis anticis apice rotundatis costa subconvexa vitta costali ferruginea nigro notata striga obliqua lineaque submarginali angulosa nigris.

Male. Slaty cinereous. Head and fore part of the thorax ferruginous. Palpi porrect, short, lanceolate, rather slender. Antennæ slightly pectinated. Fore wings rounded at the tips; costa slightly convex; a ferruginous stripe with some black marks extending along part of the costa, and emitting an irregular black streak towards the middle of the exterior border; submarginal line black, slender, deeply and very acutely zigzag, or forming cuneiform marks. Length of the body 3½ lines; of the wings 8 lines.

Gen. AMSACTA, Walk.

151. AMSACTA LITHOSIOIDES, n. s. Mas. Nigro-fusca, capite thorace antico pectore ventreque ochraceis, alis elongatis fimbria cinerea, anticis ferrugineo suffusis.

Male. Blackish brown. Head, fore part of the thorax, pectus, abdomen beneath and at the tip, and legs ochraceous. Palpi porrect, broad, obtuse. Antennæ very deeply pectinated. Wings elongate; fringe mostly pale cinereous. Fore wings with a ferruginous tinge. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

Gen. NAXA, Walk.

152. Naxa textilis, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. 1st ser. 1743.

Inhabits also Hindostan.

Gen. REDOA, Walk.

153. REDOA MICACEA, n. s. Mas. Pallide testacea, subtus alba, capite niveo fascia lata fusca, thorace antico niveo, alarum squamis micantibus pallidis et ochraceis fimbria rufescente.

Male. Pale testaceous, white beneath. Head pure white, with a broad brown band between the antennæ. Thorax pure white in front; hind part and fore wings with numerous pale and ochraceous spangles. Wings with a reddish fringe. Hind wings white in front. Length of body 7 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

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154. REDOA TRANSIENS, n. s. Mas. Nivea, capite cervino fascia alba, pedibus anticis nigro et ochraceo notatis, alarum squamis albis micantibus fimbria pallidissime cervina, alis anticis puncto discali nigro costa ochracea.

Male. Pure white. Head fawn-colour, with a white band in front. Fore legs with black and ochraceous marks. Wings with glittering white spangles; fringe with a very pale fawn-coloured tinge. Fore wings with a black point at the tip of the discal areolet; costa ochraceous. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

Female? Much smaller, and entirely white with the exception of the black point on the fore wings. Length of the body 3 lines; of the wings 8 lines.

This may be a variety of R. submarginata: it differs from that species in the costa of the fore wings, which is ochraceous along the whole length.

155. REDOA MARGINALIS, n. s. Mas. Nivea, vertice palpisque apice fuscis, alarum squamis micantibus strigis marginalibus cinereis fimbria obscure cinerea, alis anticis costa apicali cinerea.

Male. Pure white. Head, except in front and tips of the palpi, brown. Wings spangled, with slight cinereous streaks along the exterior border; fringe dark cinereous. Fore wings with a cinereous tinge along the apical part of the costa. Length of the body 5½ lines; of the wings 13 lines.

156. REDOA PERFECTA, n. s. Mas. Nivea, capitis guttis duabus palpisque apice nigris, pedibus anterioribus nigro guttatis, alarum squamis albis micantibus.

Male. Pure white. Head with a black dot on each side. Palpi with black tips. Anterior legs with black dots. Wings wholly white, with white spangles. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

Gen. EUPROCTIS.

157. EUPROCTIS FUSIPENNIS, n. s. Mas. Alba, corpore subtestaceo, alis anticis oblongis angustis apice subrotundatis vix testaceo tinctis, posticis apice obtusis.

Male. White. Body somewhat testaceous, which hue extends slightly over the fore wings. Fore wings narrow, fusiform, slightly rounded at the tips; exterior border extremely oblique; interior border with some very long hairs. Hind wings obtuse but hardly truncated at the tips. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

158. EUPROCTIS XANTHOMELA, n. s. Mas. Læte ochracea, abdomine alisque posticis nigris, his pallido marginatis, alis anticis nigro subconspersis gutta discali atra.

Male. Bright ochraceous, paler beneath. Antennæ with very long pubescent branches. Abdomen black, except at the base and at the

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tip. Fore wings thinly speckled with black; discal dot deep back. Hind wings black, broadly bordered with pale ochraceous. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

This species is most allied to E. atomaria.

159. EUPROCTIS MUNDA, n. s. Mas. Pallidissime cervina, alis anticis angustis apice rotundatis margine exteriore perobliquo margine interiore pilis longis penicillatis.

Male. Very pale fawn-colour or nankeen-colour. Antennæ short, with long pubescent branches. Legs slender, rather thinly clothed with long hairs. Fore wings narrow, rounded at the tips; exterior border extremely oblique; interior border furnished with long plumose hairs. Length of the body 4½ lines; of the wings 12 lines.

160. EUPROCTIS DIVISA, n. s. Mas. Cervina, capite antico lutescente, abdomine fusco, fasciculo apicali pedibusque luteis, alis posticis fuscis testaceo-pallido marginatis.

Male. Fawn-colour. Head and thorax with long hairs, the former somewhat luteous in front. Antennæ very broadly pectinated. Abdomen brown; apical tuft and legs luteous. Fore wings somewhat paler along the costa and towards the exterior border. Hind wings brown, bordered with pale testaceous; interior border densely pilose. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

161. EUPROCTIS GUTTISTRIGA, n. s. Mas. Lutescens, abdomine alisque posticis fuscis, his pallido marginatis, alis anticis nigro conspersis lineis duabus abbreviatis guttularibus nigris. Fœm. Capite fusco, thorace antico ochraceo, alis anticis linea interiore obsoleta, alis posticis luteo fimbriatis.

Male. Dull luteous. Antennæ very broadly pectinated. Abdomen and hind wings brown, the latter with a pale border. Fore wings black-speckled, with two oblique lines which are composed of black dots and are abbreviated in front.

Female. Head and antennæ brown, the latter slightly pectinated. Thorax ochraceous in front. Fore wings with the interior line obsolete. Hind wings with a luteous fringe. Length of the body 5-6 lines; of the wings 14-18 lines.

Gen. CASSIDIA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi lineares, oblique ascendentes, apice rotundati. Antennæ latissime pectinatæ. Alæ latæ, breves; anticæ apice subrotundatæ, costa vix convexa; posticæ dilatatæ, margine exteriore angulato.

Male. Body stout. Proboscis obsolete. Palpi linear, obliquely ascending, rounded at the tips, not rising to the front. Antennæ very broadly pectinated. Wings broad, short. Fore wings somewhat rounded at the tips; costa hardly convex; exterior border slightly

LINN. PROC. — ZOOLOGY, VOL. VI. 9

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convex and oblique. Hind wings produced in the direction of the body, which extends beyond the hind wings; middle of the exterior border forming a prominent but obtuse angle.

This genus is nearly allied to Euproctis, from which it may be clearly distinguished by the form of the hind wings.

162. CASSIDIA OBTUSA, n. s. Mas. Subtestaceo-alba, capite palpisque ochraceis, alis posticis albis margine exteriore subtestaceo.

Male. White, with a slight testaceous tinge. Head and palpi ochraceous. Hind wings white, with the exception of a very slight testaceous tinge along the exterior border. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

Gen. CISPIA, Walk.

Somena, Walk., may be united to this genus.

163. Cispia plagiata, Walk. Cat. Lep. 1st ser. 858.

The male of C. plagiata, from Nepal, has the fore wings largely varied with yellow, whereas in the male specimen here recorded they are wholly brownish ochraceous, with the exception of the base and a discal spot; the hind wings also are darker.

Inhabits also Hindostan.

Gen. DASYCHIRA, Hübn.

164. DASYCHIRA APICALIS, n. s. Mas. Alba, frontis lateribus nigris, pedibus nigro fasciatis, alis opalinis cinerascente bifasciatis, anticis costa nigro tinctata litura discali nigricante interrupta, posticis gutta discali subtus liturisque apud marginem interiorem nigris.

Male. White. Head with a black line on each side of the front. Abdomen, extending beyond the hind wings, with a cinereous tinge. Legs with black bands. Wings with opaline lustre; two indistinct and very diffuse exterior cinereous bands. Fore wings somewhat rounded at the tips, with three black marks along the apical part of the costa; a blackish discal mark divided by the transverse vein of the discal areolet. Hind wings with long hairs; some black marks along the interior border, and a black discal dot on the under side. Length of the body 9 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

165. DASYCHIRA SIGNIFERA, n. s. Mas. Alba, frontis lateribus nigris, alis subopalinis, anticis costa nigro binotata punctis venarum tribus nigris litura discali nigricante interrupta, posticis cinereo bifasciatis gutta discali subtus liturisque apud marginem interiorem nigris.

Male. White. Head with a black line on each side of the front. Wings with slight opaline lustre. Fore wings rounded at the tips, with two black marks on the apical part of the costa, and with a slight indication of a cinereous exterior line, which is accompanied by three black points on the veins; discal black mark divided as in

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D. apicalis. Hind wings with black marks along the interior border, with a black discal dot on the under side, and with cinereous exterior and submarginal bands; these are abbreviated in front. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

This and D. apicalis have a close resemblance to each other, but can hardly be considered as one species.

166. DASYCHIRA LONGIPENNIS, n. s. Fœm. Alba, tarsis anterioribus nigro fasciatis, alis longissimis lunula discali nigricante, anticis nigro conspersis vix lineatis costa convexa margine exteriore perobliquo.

Female. White. Anterior tarsi with black bands. Wings very long, with a blackish discal lunule, which is most distinct on the under side. Fore wings minutely black-speckled; the speckles indicating here and there by their confluence three denticulated lines, of which the submarginal one is the most complete; costa convex; exterior border extremely oblique. Length of the body 10 lines; of the wings 28 lines.

Gen. ERNOLATIA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus crassum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi breves, graciles, decumbentes. Antennæ brevissimæ, latissime pectinatæ. Abdomen valde cristatum. Alæ anticæ apice subrectangulatæ, margine exteriore flexo.

Male. Body thick. Proboscis obsolete. Palpi short, slender, decumbent. Antennæ very short, broadly pectinated. Abdomen highly crested along the whole length, not extending beyond the hind wings. Legs moderately long and stout. Wings ample. Fore wings nearly rectangular at their tips; costa straight; exterior border bent opposite the 1st inferior vein, behind which it is very oblique.

This genus seems to be closely allied to Dasychira, but may be distinguished by the structure of the abdomen and of the fore wings.

167. ERNOLATIA SIGNATA, n. s. Mas. Alba, abdominis crista apiceque lutescentibus, alis subopalinis lineis duabus undulatis diffusis indistinctis pallidissime cervinis 1a fusco punctata, posticis margine interiore sublanuginoso lituris obscurioribus.

Male. White. Abdomen with a pale luteous tinge, which is most prevalent along the crest and at the tip. Wings slightly opaline, with diffuse indistinct undulating very pale fawn-coloured exterior and submarginal lines, of which the former is accompanied by elongated brown points on the veins. Fore wings with a still more faint fawn-coloured tinge on the disk. Hind wings with a few darker marks on the interior border, which is somewhat lanuginous. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

Gen. LYMANTRIA, Hübn.

168. LYMANTRIA MARGINALIS, n. s. Mas. Alba, abdominis vittis

9*

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duabus tarsis apice tibiisque roseis, alis anticis lituris costalibus nigris guttis apud marginem exteriorem nigricantibus lineis tribus e lunulis fuscis.

Male. White. Abdomen with a rosy stripe along each side. Tibiæ and tips of the tarsi rosy. Fore wings with black marks at the base and along the costa, and with one black mark on the interior border near the base; exterior border with a row of blackish dots; three oblique rows of brown lunules. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 20 lines.

Gen. JANA, Boisd.

169. Jana pallida, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. 1st ser. 912.

Inhabits also Hindostan and Sumatra.

Fam. PSYCHIDÆ, Bruand.

Gen. EUMETA, Walk.

170. Eumeta Cramerii, Westw. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. (1854), 236. pl. 37. f. 4 (Oiketicus).

Inhabits also Ceylon.

Fam. NOTODONTIDÆ, Steph.

Gen. CERURA, Schr.

171. Cerura liturata, Walk. Cat. Lep. Het. 1st ser. 988.

Inhabits also Hindostan.

Gen. ALIMALA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis distincta. Palpi longi, ascen-dentes, angulati, caput superantes; articulus 2us longissimus; 3us brevissimus. Antennæ subpectinatæ, apice setulosæ, basi convolutæ et dilatatæ. Abdomen lineare, alas posticas longissime superans. Pedes robusti; tibiæ posticæ densissime fasciculatæ. Alæ sat parvæ; anticæ apice rotundatæ, margine exteriore perobliquo.

Male. Body stout. Proboscis distinct. Palpi long, vertical, rising to some height above the head; 2nd joint linear, very long; 3rd very short, inclined forward and forming an angle with the 2nd. Antennæ serrated or slightly pectinated, merely setulose towards the tips, spiral and dilated towards the base, the convolution terminating in a broad knot. Abdomen linear, extending far beyond the hind wings. Legs stout; hind tibiæ most densely tufted with long hairs. Wings some-what small. Fore wings rounded at the tips; costa straight; exterior border slightly convex, very oblique.

Allied to Pterostoma.

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172. ALIMALA LIMACODOIDES, n. s. Mas. Cervina, alis anticis lineis duabus denticulatis nigricantibus valde indistinctis maculis duabus discalibus nigro-cinereis albido marginatis linea submarginali cinerea recta obliqua.

Male. Fawn-colour. Antennæ with the nodosity black. Abdomen, under side, and hind wings cinereous-tinged. Fore wings with blackish denticulated very indistinct interior and exterior lines, between which there are two blackish-cinereous whitish-bordered discal spots, one behind the other; a distinct, straight, oblique, cinereous, submarginal line. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

Gen. CASCHARA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat robustum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi validi, ascen-dentes; articulus 3us obtusus, minimus. Antennæ late pectinatæ, apice crenulatæ. Abdomen alas posticas sat superans. Pedes breves, robusti, pilosi. Alæ anticæ sat latæ, apice subrotundatæ, margine exteriore subdentato, margine interiore intus dilatato et fimbriato extus excavato.

Male. Body rather stout. Proboscis not apparent. Palpi stout, obliquely ascending, not extending beyond the head; 3rd joint obtuse, very minute. Antennæ broadly pectinated to three-fourths of the length, crenulated from thence to the tips. Abdomen extending rather far beyond the hind wings. Legs short, stout, pilose. Wings rather broad. Fore wings slightly rounded at the tips; costa straight; exterior border straight, rather oblique, slightly dentate; interior border dilated and with a long fringe towards the base, excavated exteriorly. Hind wings with the exterior border convex, entire.

This genus, with regard to the interior border of the fore wings, resembles Lophopteryx and Spatalia.

173. CASCHARA PUNCTIFERA, n.s. Mas. Rufescenti-cervina, alis anticis flavo-testaceo variis lineis nonnullis ferrugineis lunulatis parallelis linea basali subrecta alba nigricante marginata punctis tribus subcostalibus nigris macula discali flavescenti-alba linea exteriore recta obliqua alba rufescente marginata.

Male. Reddish fawn-colour. Abdomen, hind wings, and underside paler. Fore wings varied with yellowish testaceous, which hue is most prevalent exteriorly; several lunulate parallel ferruginous lines; a white, nearly straight line near the base, blackish-bordered on the inner side, and having beyond it three black subcostal points; discal spot yellowish whitish-bordered, with a rectangular notch on its inner side, and with two black subcostal points beyond it; a white straight oblique exterior line, reddish-bordered on the outer side. Hind wings without any markings; fringe whitish. Length of the body 10 lines; of the wings 20 lines.

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Gen. EXÆRETA, Hübn.

174. EXÆRETA SMARAGDIPLENA, n. s. Mas. Cervina, abdominis segmentis albido marginatis, alis anticis ex maxima parte ferrugineo-fuscis fasciis sex deviis smaragdinis.

Male. Fawn-colour. Abdomen and underside paler. Palpi porrect, not extending beyond the head; 3rd joint conical, minute. Antennæ broadly pectinated to beyond half the length, simple from thence to the tips. Abdomen extending rather far beyond the hind wings; hind borders of the segments whitish. Fore wings mostly dark ferruginous brown, with about six various irregular bright emerald-green bands; exterior border very oblique. Length of the body 10 lines; of the wings 22 lines.

Gen. ICHTHYURA, Hübn.

175. ICHTHYURA DORSALIS, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-cervina, palpis nigro vittatis, thorace vittis duabus ferrugineis, alis anticis antice rufescenti-cervinis lineis quatuor albidis subundulatis subdenticulatis nigricante marginatis macula discali nigricante subrotunda albido marginata.

Male. Cinereous fawn-colour. Palpi porrect, broad, obtuse, extending very little beyond the head, with a black stripe on the outer side. Antennæ broadly pectinated to the tips. Thorax in front with a short, broad, reddish-brown stripe. Abdomen extending somewhat beyond the hind wings; apical tuft forked. Fore wings reddish fawn-colour in front, with four slender whitish, blackish-bordered, slightly undulating and denticulated lines, of which the third is abbreviated in front by the blackish, whitish-bordered, nearly round discal spot; 5th submarginal line composed of elongated points. Hind wings without markings. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

Gen. DEDIAMA, Walk.

176. DEDIAMA BASIVACUA, n. s. Mas. Lignicolor, palpis supra fuscis, alis anticis striga basali postica nigra linea ferruginea flexa intus cervino marginata spatio exteriore flavescente atomis lineisque nonnullis denticulatis nigris, alis posticis albido-testaceis litura apud angulum interiorem fusca nigro marginata.

Male. Wood-colour, or pale testaceous, with a fawn-coloured tinge. Palpi ascending, brown above, applied to the front, not rising to the vertex; 2nd joint very slightly curved; 3rd very minute. Antennæ minutely serrated and pubescent. Abdomen extending somewhat beyond the hind wings; apical tuft rather small. Fore wings with a small black streak hindward near the base, and with a ferruginous very deeply bent line which is bordered with fawn-colour on the inner side; beyond this line the wings are yellowish, black-speckled, and with several black denticulated transverse lines. Hind wings whitish

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testaceous, without markings, except an irregular brown black-bordered mark by the interior angle. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 18 lines.

Gen. JANASSA, Walk.

177. JANASSA CERIGOIDES, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-alba, palpis nigro marginatis, thorace fascia nigra, abdomine testaceo, alis anticis testaceis litura discali longa obliqua albida nigro marginata lineis sex interioribus tribusque exterioribus nigris, alis posticis pallide luteis macula discali margineque nigro-fuscis.

Male. Cinereous white. Palpi porrect, short, very broad and obtuse, broadly black-bordered on the outer side. Antennæ short, very broadly pectinated. Thorax with a slight black band. Abdomen testaceous, tapering, extending far beyond the hind wings. Fore legs densely pilose. Wings whitish beneath, with an elongated black discal spot. Fore wings testaceous, with an oblique, long, narrow, whitish, black-bordered discal mark, between which and the base there are six irregular zigzag black lines; three more oblique black lines between the spot and the exterior border, the 2nd one incomplete; exterior border convex, extremely oblique. Hind wings pale luteous; discal spot and broad marginal band blackish brown. Length of the body 10 lines; of the wings 20 lines.

Gen. ELEALE, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat robustum. Antennæ dimidio basali pectinatæ. Abdomen longiconicum, alas posticas valde superans. Pedes læves, sat graciles; tibiæ posticæ calcaribus quatuor longissimis. Alæ anticæ apice rectangulatæ, margine exteriore flexo.

Male. Body moderately stout. Antennæ moderately pectinated to half the length, bare from thence to the tips. Abdomen elongate-conical, extending much beyond the hind wings. Legs rather slender, bare; hind tibiæ with four very long spurs. Wings moderately broad. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; exterior border not oblique along the fore part, bent beyond the middle, very oblique from thence to the interior angle.

Allied to Edema.

178. ELEALE PLUSIOIDES, n. s. Mas. Ochracea, abdominis segmentis albo marginatis, alis anticis auratis fascia purpurascente lata perobliqua lineis duabus ferrugineis flexis 2a argenteo marginea margine exteriore purpurascente lineam angulosam argenteam includente, alis posticis subaurato-albidis plaga apud angulum interiorem purpu-rascenti-cuprea strigam argenteam includente.

Male. Ochraceous. Hind borders of the abdominal segments white. Fore wings gilded, with a broad very oblique purplish band, and with two bent ferruginous lines, of which the 2nd is partly silvery-bordered

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on the outer side; exterior border purplish, including a zigzag silvery line. Hind wings whitish, slightly gilded; interior angle with a large purplish-cupreous patch, which includes a silvery streak. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

Gen. SACADA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis brevis, distincta. Palpi breves, lati, subflexi; articulus 3us conicus. Antennœ late pectinatæ, apices versus nudæ. Abdomen alas posticas non superans. Pedes sat robusti; tibiæ fasciculatæ, posticæ calcaribus quatuor parvis; tarsi postici basi fasciculati. Alœ anticæ vix acutæ, margine exteriore subconvexo sat obliquo.

Male. Body stout. Proboscis short, distinct. Palpi broad, short, slightly bent, extending a little beyond the front; 3rd joint conical. Antennæ broadly pectinated to two-thirds of the length, bare from thence to the tips. Abdomen not extending beyond the hind wings. Legs moderately stout; tibiæ tufted; hind tibiæ with four short spurs; hind tarsi tufted towards the base. Wings moderately broad. Fore wings hardly acute; costa straight; exterior border very slightly convex, rather oblique; the four inferior veins nearly equidistant from each other.

179. SACADA DECORA, n. s. Mas. Rosea, capite thoraceque ochraceis, abdomine alisque posticis cinereis, tarsis albis, alis anticis annulo basali magno oblongo albo plagam nigram includente punctis duobus discalibus nigris linea exteriore recta obliqua cinerea extus nigricante marginata.

Male. Rosy red; paler beneath. Head and thorax more ochraceous. Abdomen and hind wings cinereous. Tarsi white; hind tarsi with the basal joint reddish. Fore wings near the base with a large transversely oblong whitish ringlet which encloses a black patch hindward; two black discal points, one subcostal; a cinereous straight oblique exterior line, which is diffusedly blackish-bordered on the outer side. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

Gen. AGABRA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus vix robustum. Proboscis brevis. Palpi porrecti, angulati, caput sat superantes; articulus 2us longus, latus, pilosus; 3us brevis, conicus. Antennœ triente basali incrassatæ. Abdomen cristatum, alas posticas paullo superans; fasciculus apicalis compressus. Pedes sat graciles, tarsis basi tibiisque fimbriatis, calcaribus quatuor longis. Alœ anticæ apice rectangulatæ, margine exteriore subflexo.

Male. Body hardly stout. Frontal tuft prominent. Proboscis short. Palpi porrect, extending somewhat beyond the head; 2nd joint broad, long, pilose; 3rd short, conical, forming an angle with the 2nd. Antennæ incrassated from the base to full one-third of the length, where

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the dilated part widens angularly and terminates. Abdomen crested, tapering, with a compressed apical tuft extending a little beyond the hind wings. Legs rather slender; tarsi, towards the base, and tibiæ fringed; hind tibiæ with four long spurs. Wings moderately broad. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; costa straight; exterior border slightly bent in the middle; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inferior veins approximate at the base; 4th not very remote.

180. AGABRA TRILINEATA, n. s. Mas. Ochraceo-rufa, abdomine cinereo cristis ochraceis, alis anticis litura basali fasciisque duabus trilineatis strigaque exteriore obliqua albis fascia 1a angulata 2a undulata lineis duabus exterioribus albis 1a angulata 2a e lunulis, alis posticis rufescenti-cinereis.

Male. Ochraceous red Abdomen cinereous, with ochraceous crests. Fore wings with a white discal mark near the base, and with two white bands, each of which is composed of three lines; 1st band forming an outward angle, which is contiguous to an elongated oblique white discal streak, the latter interlined with reddish; 2nd band undulating, succeeded by a white irregular line, one of whose angles interrupts the white submarginal line, the latter formed of lunules. Hind wings cinereous, reddish-tinged exteriorly. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

Gen. SARBENA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat robustum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi porrecti, compressi, pubescentes, sat graciles, caput sat superantes. Antennœ convolutæ, dimidio basali pectinatæ. Abdomen subcylindricum, alas posticas superans. Pedes graciles, vix pilosi; tibiæ posticæ calcaribus quatuor longissimis. Alœ sat angustæ; anticæ apice rotundatæ, costa vix couvexa, margine exteriore perobliquo.

Male. Body moderately stout. Proboscis not apparent. Palpi porrect, compressed, pubescent, rather slender, extending some distance beyond the head; 3rd joint minute, obtuse, less than one-fourth of the length of the 2nd. Antennæ convoluted, slightly pectinated to half the length, slender and bare from thence to the tips. Abdomen nearly cylindrical, extending somewhat beyond the hind wings. Legs slender, hardly pilose; hind tibiæ with four very long spurs. Wings rather narrow. Fore wings somewhat rounded at the tips; costa very slightly convex; exterior border straight, very oblique; 1st and 2nd inferior veins contiguous at the base; 3rd not remote; 4th very remote.

181. SARBENA LIGNIFERA, n. s. Mas. Lignicolor, alis Anticis nigro substrigatis et subconspersis subtus fuscescentibus, alis posticis pallide cinereis.

Male. Wood-colour. Fore wings slightly and irregularly streaked and speckled with black, mostly brownish beneath. Hind wings pale

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cinereous, without markings. Length of the body 4½ lines; of the wings 11 lines.

Gen. AMATISSA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum, pilis longis dense vestitum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi brevissimi. Antennœ breves, late pectinatæ. Abdomen alas posticas paullo superans. Pedes breves. Alœ amplæ; anticæ rotundatæ, costa apicem versus subconvexa, margine exteriore recto sat obliquo.

Male. Body stout, thickly clothed with long hairs. Proboscis not apparent. Palpi very short. Antennæ short, broadly pectinated to the tips. Abdomen extending a little beyond the hind wings. Legs short. Wings ample. Fore wings somewhat rounded at the tips; costa straight, except towards the tip, where it is very slightly convex; exterior border straight, rather oblique; 1st and 2nd inferior veins contiguous at the base; 3rd more than twice as far from the 4th as from the 2nd.

182. AMATISSA INORNATA, n. s. Mas. Cervina, lituris nullis.

Male. Fawn-colour, without any markings. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 15 lines.

Gen. GAUGAMELA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Frons carinata. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi porrecti, validi, obtusi, caput perpaullo superantes. Antennœ breviusculæ, late pectinatæ. Abdomen alas posticas superans, pilis basalibus longis, fasciculo apicali furcato. Pedes breves, vix robusti; tibiæ late fimbriatæ, calcaribus longis. Alœ spissæ; anticæ apice rectangulatæ, margine exteriore postico sat obliquo; posticæ margine interiore fimbriato.

Male. Body robust. Front somewhat grooved. Proboscis not apparent. Palpi porrect, stout, obtuse, extending very little beyond the head. Antennæ broadly pectinated, not long. Abdomen with long hairs towards the base, extending somewhat beyond the hind wings, slightly tapering from the base to the tip, furnished with a furcate apical tuft. Legs short, hardly stout; tibiæ broadly and densely fringed; spurs long. Wings stout, moderately broad. Fore wings rectangular at the tips; costa straight; exterior border slightly convex, rather oblique hindward. Hind wings fringed with long hairs along the interior border.

183. GAUGAMELA ATRIFRONS, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-ferruginea, capitis vitta thoracisque macula quadrata atris, alis anticis basi lineis duabus canis subundulatis macula discali nigricante testaceo marginata lineis tribus exterioribus nigricantibus subundulatis vix conspicuis gutta subapicali testacea plaga marginali cervina.

Male. Ferruginous, tinged with cinereous. Head with a broad deep-

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black stripe. Thorax in front with a large quadrate deep-black spot. Fore wings with two hoary slightly undulating transverse lines near the base, and with a large blackish testaceous-bordered discal spot, three more exterior, slightly undulating, very indistinct blackish lines, a testaceous dot near the tip, and a fawn-coloured patch on the exterior border. Hind wings paler. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 17 lines.

Gen. ANIGRÆA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi læves, longi, compressi, ascendentes, verticem non superantes, articulo 3° lanceolato. Antennœ validæ, simplices. Abdomen lanceolatum, alas posticas sat superans, fasciculis duobus apicalibus deflexis. Pedes robusti; tibiæ subfasciculatæ; posticæ calcaribus quatuor longissimis. Alœ spissæ, sat angustæ; anticæ apice rotundatæ, margine exteriore vix flexo.

Male. Body robust. Proboscis not apparent. Palpi long, compressed, ascending, smooth, not rising higher than the vertex; 3rd joint lanceolate, about half the length of the 2nd. Antennæ stout, bare, moderately long. Abdomen lanceolate, extending rather far beyond the hind wings, furnished with two diverging apical tufts. Legs stout; tibiæ slightly tufted; hind tibiæ with four very long spurs. Wings robust, rather narrow. Fore wings much rounded at the tips; costa straight; exterior border very slightly bent, its hind part extremely oblique; inferior veins approximate.

This genus has some resemblance to the Thermesiidœ.

184. ANIGRÆA RUBIDA, n.s. Mas. Ferrugineo-rufa, alis viridi-aurato tinctis linea marginali pallide cinerea, alis anticis lineis nonnullis obscurioribus obliquis indistinctis subrectis, alis posticis litura discali lineisque duabus exterioribus fasciaque marginali fuscis.

Male. Ferruginous red, more cinereous beneath. Wings slightly tinged with golden green; a pale-cinereous marginal line. Fore wings with four or five indistinct oblique nearly straight darker lines. Hind wings beneath cinereous, with a brown discal mark, and with two exterior brown lines, and with a broad marginal brown band. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 15 lines.

Gen. THELDE, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi breves, latissimi, articulis indistinctis. Antennœ breviusculæ, latissime pectinatæ. Abdomen alas posticas non superans. Pedes robusti, hirsuti; antici dense fasciculati. Alœ latæ, non longæ; anticæ vix acutæ, costa apicem versus subconvexa.

Male. Body stout. Proboscis not apparent. Palpi extending very little beyond the head, extremely broad and obtuse; joints indistinct. Antennæ very broadly pectinated, not long. Abdomen not extending

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beyond the hind wings. Legs stout, hirsute; fore legs densely tufted. Wings broad, not long. Fore wings hardly acute; costa straight except towards the tip, where it is very slightly convex; exterior border hardly convex, moderately oblique; 1st, 2nd, and 3rd inferior veins approximate at the base.

This genus should perhaps be removed from the Notodontidæ.

185. THELDE PATULA, n. s. Mas. Ferruginea, alis anticis nigro conspersis ex parte cervinis lineis nonnullis transversis indistinctis e lunulis nigris, alis posticis cinereo-fuscis.

Male. Ferruginous, cinereous beneath. Fore wings black-speckled, partly fawn-coloured, with some indistinct and irregular black transverse lines composed of lunules. Hind wings cinereous brown. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

Gen. ALLATA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi porrecti, latissimi, caput vix superantes, articulis indistinctis. Antennæ late pectinatæ, apices versus nudæ. Abdomen longum, cylindricum, alas posticas valde superans. Pedes breviusculi, vix robusti; tibiæ posticæ calcaribus quatuor longis. Alæ sat angustæ, apice rotundatæ, margine exteriore perobliquo.

Fœn. Antennæ pectinatæ.

Male. Body stout. Proboscis not apparent. Palpi porrect, extending very little beyond the head, very broad and obtuse; joints indistinct. Antennæ broadly pectinated to a little beyond half the length, bare from thence to the tips. Abdomen long, cylindrical, extending far beyond the hind wings; apical tuft long. Legs rather short, hardly stout; hind tibiæ with four long spurs. Fore wings rather narrow, rounded at the tips; costa straight; exterior border hardly convex, very oblique; 3rd inferior vein rather remote from the 2nd; 4th very remote; interior border slightly dilated towards the base, slightly excavated exteriorly.

Female. Antennæ with the basal part moderately pectinated.

186. ALLATA ARGENTIFERA, n. s. Mas. Fusca, capite lituris duabus albidis, alis anticis nigro fuscoque notatis vitta discali interrupta argentea apice furcata.

Male. Brown. Head with a whitish mark at the base of each of the antennæ, the latter also whitish. Abdomen and underside cinereous; apical tuft of the former partly brown. Fore wings cinereous, with several irregular black and brown marks, whereby the colour is woodlike; a short silvery discal stripe, which is twice interrupted and is forked at its tip. Hind wings brownish cinereous. Length of the body 10 lines; of the wings 20 lines.

187. ALLATA ALBONOTATA, n. s. Mas. Obscure ferrugineo-fusca,

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abdomine fascia apicali pallida, alis anticis purpurascente tinctis lineis denticulatis lunulisque submarginalibus testaceis nigro marginatis striga exteriore nigra maculis submarginalibus rufescentibus liturisque duabus albis.

Male. Dark ferruginous brown, cinereous brown beneath. Abdomen with a pale apical stripe. Fore wings with a purplish bloom, and with some transverse denticulated, testaceous, black-bordered lines; submarginal lunules of the same hue, each accompanied by a reddish spot; the white part of the fifth lunule from the tip dilated, and terminating a black streak which proceeds from the disk; a white subapical spot, and a testaceous stripe along the interior border. Hind wings brownish cinereous.

Female. Slightly paler. Abdomen with a whitish dorsal line. Length of the body 9-10 lines; of the wings 22-24 lines.

Gen. PHUSIANA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat robustum. Proboscis brevis, distincta. Palpi breves, validi, ascendentes, vix arcuati, articulo 3° minimo. Antennæ serratæ, subpubescentes. Abdomen cylindricum, longissimum, basi fasciculatum. Pedes breves, robusti, pilosi, calcaribus parvis. Alæ elongatæ; anticæ sat angustæ, vix acutæ, margine exteriore perobliquo.

Male. Body moderately stout. Proboscis short, distinct. Palpi short, stout, hardly curved, obliquely ascending, not rising to the vertex; 3rd joint very minute. Antennæ serrated, minutely pubescent, moderately long. Abdomen cylindrical, very long, with a basal tuft extending for half its length beyond the hind wings. Legs short, stout, pilose; spurs short. Wings elongate. Fore wings rather narrow, hardly acute; costa straight; exterior border extremely oblique; 3rd inferior vein very remote from the 2nd.

This genus has some resemblance to the Cossidæ.

188. PHUSIANA ALBIFRONS, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-fusca, capite inter antennas albo, alis anticis cinereis nigro conspersis antice fuscis fascia strigaque basalibus nigris striga apicali albida rufescente marginata.

Male. Cinereous brown. Head with a white spot between the antennæ, each of which has a white basal tuft. Fore wings cinereous, irregularly speckled with black; the speckles most conspicuous near the base, in the disk, and along the interior border, where they form an interrupted band and a streak; fore part irregularly brown; a whitish, reddish-bordered, jagged streak extending from the disk to the tip. Hind wings without any markings. Length of the body 16 lines; of the wings 30 lines.

Gen. ARMIANA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus robustum. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi breves, validi,

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arcuati, ascendentes, articulis indistinctis. Antennæ robustæ, simplices, longiusculæ. Abdomen longissimum. Pedes breves, validi, pilosi; tibiæ non calcaratæ. Alæ sat angustæ; anticæ elongatæ, apice rotundatæ, margine exteriore perobliquo.

Male. Body stout. Proboscis not apparent. Palpi stout, curved, ascending, applied to the front, hardly rising to the vertex; joints indistinct. Antennæ stout, smooth, rather long. Abdomen very long, slightly lanceolate, extending very far beyond the hind wings; apical tuft long, slightly diverging. Legs short, stout, pilose; tibiæ without spurs. Wings rather narrow. Fore wings elongate, rounded at the tips; costa straight; exterior border extremely oblique; 3rd inferior vein moderately remote from the 2nd.

189. ARMIANA LATIVITTA, n. s. Mas. Albida, abdomine fusco, alis anticis strigis duabus basalibus testaceis vitta obliqua latissima pallide cervina puncta elongata nigra includente, alis posticis purpurascenti-fuscis.

Male. Whitish. Abdomen brown, except towards the tip. Wings mostly brown beneath. Fore wings with two testaceous streaks proceeding from the base, and with a very broad oblique pale-fawncoloured stripe, which is notched along each side, and contains a line of elongated black points on the veins; a row of pale-fawncoloured marginal marks. Hind wings purplish brown, excepting the costa and the fringe. Length of the body 12 lines; of the wings 22 lines.

Gen. CHATRACHARTA, n. g.

Mas. Corpus sat gracile. Proboscis obsoleta. Palpi compressi, ascendentes, sat graciles, articulo 3° non conspicuo. Antennæ breviusculæ latissime pectinatæ. Abdomen fasciculo apicali parvo subfurcato. Pedes læves, breviusculi, sat graciles; tibiæ posticæ quadricalcaratæ. Alæ breves, latæ, margine exteriore subangulato; anticæ costa basi dilatata.

Male. Body rather slender. Proboscis obsolete. Palpi compressed, rather slender, obliquely ascending, not rising higher than the vertex; 3rd joint not distinguishable. Antennæ rather short, with very long thick-set pubescent branches. Abdomen with the apical tuft small, subfurcate. Legs smooth, rather short and slender; hind tibiæ with four moderately long spurs. Wings broad, short; exterior border slightly angular in the middle. Fore wings with the costa dilated towards the base; exterior border slightly excavated in front; 4th inferior vein very remote from the 3rd.

Allied to Parathyris.

190. CHATRACHARTA TORTRICOIDES, n. S. Mas. Ochraceo-albida, alis anticis ochraceis nigro subconspersis puncto basali lituraque discali e strigis duabus undulatis nigris striga costali exteriore nigricante.

Male. Ochraceous whitish. Vertex and palpi ochraceous. Fore wings

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ochraceous, thinly speckled with black, with a black discal point near the base, and with an exterior blackish discal mark, consisting of two undulating parallel streaks; a blackish costal streak nearer the tip. Hind wings with an ochraceous tinge, and some black speckles along the hind part of the exterior border. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

Fam. LIMACODIDÆ, Duponch.

Gen. MIRESA, Walk.

191. MIRESA ORTHOSIOIDES, n. s. Mas. Saturate rufa, alis posticis nigricanti-cinereis, alis anticis nigricante subnebulosis nigro subconspersis gutta discali lineaque submarginali undulata punctulari nigris.

Male. Deep red. Palpi porrect, short, broad. Antennæ moderately pectinated. Hind wings and underside blackish cinereous. Fore wings rounded at the tips, partly blackish-clouded, thinly black-speckled; discal dot black; an undulating submarginal line of black points; fringe interlined. Hind wings ferruginous brown. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

Gen. NYSSIA, Herr.-Sch.

192. NYSSIA CUPREIPLAGA, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-ferruginea, crassa, antennis serratis basi late pectinatis, alis anticis nigro subconspersis linea recta obliqua obscure ferruginea plaga exteriore cuprea.

Male. Ferruginous, with a cinereous tinge, more cinereous beneath, very robust. Antennæ broadly pectinated to one-third of the length, serrated from thence to the tips. Fore wings acute, very thinly blackspeckled, with a straight oblique middle dark-ferruginous line, beyond which there is a cupreous upright patch which is abbreviated in front and extends to the interior angle. Hind wings cinereous, with a ferruginous tinge, densely pilose along the interior border. Length of the body 8 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

193. NYSSIA CUPREISTRIGA, n. s. Mas. Rufescens, antennis subpectinatis basi late pectinatis, alis anticis nigro subconspersis linea obliqua subrecta ferruginea fascia exteriore cuprea antice abbreviata, alis posticis æneo-testaceis.

Male. Reddish. Palpi broad, obtuse, black-tipped. Antennæ broadly pectinated to one-third of the length, slightly pectinated from thence to the tips. Fore wings acute, thinly black-speckled, with a ferruginous oblique nearly straight line; an exterior upright cupreous band, obliquely abbreviated in front, occupying the hind part of the exterior border. Hind wings æneous-testaceous, paler along the costa. Length of the body 7 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

This species is very closely allied to N. cupreiplaga, but may be distinguished by the narrower and differently formed cupreous mark on the fore wings, and by the darker fringe of the hind wings.

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194. NYSSIA RUDIS, n. s. Mas. Cervina, antennis late pectinatis dimidio apicali nudis, alis anticis squamosis nitentibus linea media recta obliqua obscuriore.

Male. Fawn-colour. Palpi obtuse, very broad. Antennæ broadly pectinated to nearly half the length, simple from thence to the tips. Fore wings squamous, shining, with a darker straight oblique middle line. Hind wings a little paler than the fore wings, thickly pilose along the interior border. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

195. NYSSIA CRUDA, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-cervina, antennis basi late pectinatis apice serratis, alis anticis acutis nigro subconspersis bilineatis chalybeo-purpurascente tinctis.

Male. Cinereous fawn-colour. Palpi broad, porrect; 3rd joint conical, distinct. Antennæ broadly pectinated towards the base; the branches gradually decreasing in length; apical part serrated. Fore wings very acute, thinly black-speckled, tinged with purplish chalybeous except towards the base, this tinge divided by two nearly straight lines of the ground-hue; costa quite straight; exterior border extremely oblique hindward. Hind wings not paler than the fore wings. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 12 lines.

196. NYSSIA RUBICUNDA, n. s. Mas. Ochraceo-rufa, antennis nudis basi late pectinatis. alis anticis apices versus nigris.

Male. Bright ochraceous red. Palpi extremely broad and short. Antennæ broadly pectinated to beyond one-third of the length, simple from thence to the tips. Thorax with a purplish tinge on each side. Wings thinly clothed. Fore wings mostly black towards the tips. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

197. NYSSIA RUBRIPLAGA, n. s. Mas. Ferruginea, crassa, antennis late pectinatis dimidio apicali vix serrato, alis anticis spatio marginali saturate rufo intus linea argentea marginato.

Male. Ferruginous, very stout. Antennæ broadly pectinated to almost half the length, hardly serrated from thence to the tips. Wings with a silvery-tipped fringe. Fore wings acute; a broad deep-red space along the exterior border, limited on the inner side by a curved silvery line. Hind wings with the fringe blackish towards the interior angle. Length of the body 4 lines; of the wings 10 lines.

198. NYSSIA? VETUSTA, n. s. Mas. Cinereo-fusca, antennis usque ad apices pectinatis, alis anticis rufescenti-ferrugineis nigro subconspersis fascia recta obliqua cana intus concisa extus diffusa puncto discali nigro margine exteriore cinereo.

Male. Cinereous brown. Palpi porrect, very broad and obtuse. Antennæ moderately pectinated to the tips. Fore wings reddish ferruginous, acute, thinly black-speckled, with a straight oblique hoary band which is concise on the inner side, and diffuse on the outer side,

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where it is accompanied by a blackish shade; discal point black; exterior border cinereous, this hue attenuated hindward. Hind wings with a cinereous fringe. Length of the body 6 lines; of the wings 16 lines.

The structure of this species does not quite agree with the typical form of Nyssia.

199. NYSSIA? BIGUTTATA, n. s. Fœm. Cinereo-fusca, alis anticis pallide cervinis, gutta discali nigra, spatio exteriore obliquo fuscescente intus linea nigro-fusca concisa marginato.

Female. Cinereous brown, stout. Palpi porrect, very broad and obtuse. Antennæ simple. Fore wings pale fawn-colour, excepting the oblique exterior part, which extends from near the tip of the costa to the middle of the interior border, and is blackish brown and concise along its inner side; discal dot black, rather large. Length of the body 5 lines; of the wings 14 lines.

[To be continued.]

Histological Observations on the Eye of the Cod-fish (Morrhua vulgaris), with especial reference to the Choroid Gland and the Cones of the Retina. By T. SPENCER COBBOLD, M.D., F.L.S., Lecturer on Botany, Zoology, and Comparative Anatomy at the Middlesex Hospital College.

[Read March 6th, 1862.]

BY introducing observations of this kind to the Linnean Society I am aware that I am treading a well-beaten path; but as there are still many points connected with the minute anatomy of the vertebrate eye which remain to be solved, I trust that the facts and opinions which I proceed to bring under the Society's notice will obtain due consideration.

With the exception of Mr. Nunneley's researches, most of the recent investigations into the minute structure of the eyeball have been made after the organ in question had been steeped for a longer or shorter time in chromic-acid solutions; and from this circumstance I think we have been frequently led into error as regards the precise character of the ultimate elements of the organ, although, in the hands of Hannover, Kölliker, and Heinrich Müller more especially, the relations of the component layers of the eyeball have been most satisfactorily determined.

To take the vitreous humour, for example, it is quite clear that Hannover's views (published in Müller's 'Archiv' for 1845) as to

LINN. PROC. — ZOOLOGY, VOL. VI. 10


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